Log In | Subscribe . . Contact | Imprint
Visit Sukano Visit R + D Visit Index-6 Go with the flow 2017 Visit Otto HofstetterVisit NetstalVisit SMIVisit BericapVisit ConairVisit Engel PETplanet Events Visit Propak Bangkog Visit Birkner

You'll need a Flash Player to view the Ebook. Here's the (very) plain text of this issue if you do not have one.

Page 1

www.petpla.net d 51178; issn: 1438-9452 no. 04/08 magaz i ne for bot t l e r s and bot t l e - mak e r s in the amer icas, as ia, europe and al l around the p lanet 07 . 04 . 08 petplanet is read in 136 countries 2-stage sbm machinery manufacturers marketsurvey page 27 reg i ona l mar ke t repor t s south africa part 2 page 10 pet-asept for still and carbonated beverages page 38

Page 2

we make caps. for innovative cap solutions come to corvaglia! because cap design is our passion. and the production of your closure is our strength. to try us - just contact us. corvaglia ltd. hörnlistrasse 14, 8360 eschlikon switzerland, phone 41 71 973 77 77, fax 41 71 973 77 78, www.corvaglia.ch 071016_corvaglia_ads08_m3-make.i1 1 30.11.2007 13:48:44

Page 3

impressum editorial 3 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net publisher alexander büchler, managing director head office stefanie saueressig, head offi ce manager heidelberg business media gmbh landhausstr. 4 69115 heidelberg, germany phone: 49(0)6221-65108-0 fax: 49(0)6221-65108-28 info@hbmedia.net editorial doris fischer, content manager tony oneill, senior editor wolfgang von schroeter, consultant editor ilona trotter, editorial correspondent gabriele kosmehl, editorial correspondent media consultants ute andrä phone: 49(0)6221-65108-0 fax: 49(0)6221-65108-28 andrae@hbmedia.net france, i taly, spain, uk elisabeth maria köpke phone: 49(0)6201-878925 fax: 49(0)6201-878926 koepke@hbmedia.net america: ottmar brandau 434 oakland road mahone bay ns boj-2eo canada phone: 1-902-531-2028 fax: 1-419-844-7759 brandau@hbmedia.net layout and prepress exprim kommunikationsdesign www.exprim.de print wdw druck gmbh gustav-throm-straße 1 69181 leimen-st.ilgen germany www www.petpla.net www.pet-point.net petplanet insider issn 1438-9459 is published 10 times a year. this publication is sent to qualifi ed subscribers (1-year subscription 149 eur, 2-year subscription 289 eur, young professionals’ subscription 99 eur. magazines will be dispatched to you by airmail). not to be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher. note: the fact that product names may not be identifi ed as trade marks is not an indication that such names are not registered trademarks. light, lighter, lightest. the latest developments by blowing machine manufacturers have shown us that the pet bottle can always be made a bit lighter. krones has an 8.85 gram/500 ml water bottle, sidel blows a 9.9 gram “no bottle” for 500 ml of water, and sipa are not lagging far behind with a 10.9 gram bottle. the benefi ts are clear - less bottle weight means less material which means, at the end of the day, a cheaper product. in the future we will probably see bottles weighing less than 8 grams, or even less than seven grams. from the point of view of production this is clearly a positive tendency. but what does it all mean for the consumer? the ultra-lightweight bottles being presented today feel like little gel cushions, and behave more like very well made pouches than bottles. this may be interest-ing for certain types of consumer, but will everybody like it? what happens when the consumer opens the bottle and the pressure exerted by the hand holding the bottle causes the con-tents to squirt out - all down the user’s necktie? this effect has been described many times, and has been referred to as the tetrapak or combibloc syndrome. carton packaging, amongst others, suffered a lot from this problem - to the benefi t of pet. so these very lightweight bottles will enjoy widespread success only if the closure manufacturers can come up with a realistic, eco-nomical, and above all lightweight, solution. and another problem that should not be under-estimated when considering ultra-lightweight bottles is that they are more diffi cult to recycle. flakes from a lightweight bottle are of course much lighter than fl akes from a normal bottle. when they pass through an air separator, where the very light remnants of paper labels are blown from the mass of fl akes, the air blast will also carry away the very light fl akes of pet . yours, alexander büchler editorial dear readers, krones: 8.85 g sipa: 10.9 g sidel: 9.9

Page 4

4 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net petcontents 4/08 inside track 3 editorial 4 contents 6 news 46 products 48 bottles 54 patents regional market report 10 south africa part 2 market survey 27 suppliers of two-stage sbm machinery material / recycling 31 11th polyester recycling forum in moscow 32 european pet production - which way is it going? preform production / bottle making 36 pet bottles from down under bottling / filling 38 pet-asept for still and carbonated beverages tradeshow preview 40 interpack, düsseldorf, germany, april 24th - 30st buyer’s guide 42 get listed! page 10 page 40 page 48

Page 5

red hot ch i li pet . our injection moulds are used to produce pet preforms with barrier properties for hot products. www.otto - hofstetter. com/pet

Page 6

6 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net petnews krones launches “enviro” krones is fully aware of its role as an industry leader and voluntarily practises social responsibility above and beyond its actual business operations, thus making a contribution towards sustainable com-mercial success. with the newly created “enviro” brand, the economic, ecological and social efforts now become something more tangible. with “enviro” krones has taken sustainability fully on board. krones believe that there’s more truth than ever in the formula “what’s eco-compatible and sustainable also con-tributes directly towards commercial success”, and will be focusing product development work on eco-compatibility and effi cient resource utilisation, such as savings in the consumption of energy and water. the company will be evidenc-ing this move with the introduction of the “enviro energy passport”. the food and beverage industries, in particular, have made sustainability an integral constituent of their brands, and krones is supporting this fact by making it possible for the owner of krones machines and lines to highlight their eco-credentials with the enviro seal. with enviro, sustainability will be a quintessen-tial feature of krones’ operations. sidel india - 10 years old after opening its doors in january 1998, sidel india now has 105 employees in three locations: pune (offi ces and manufacturing), gurgaon (new delhi), and mumbai, where sales, services, and engineering are located. sidel established its subsidiary in india at a time when global industry giants such as pepsico and coca-cola were making the switch to pet in a market historically dominated by pvc. at the time, this mostly local market consisted of low output packaging lines, and producers typically incorporated blow mould-ing machines into their lines. to meet demand sidel india opened an assem-bly plant in chakan in 2001-2002. located near pune, the plant produced the fi rst small linear blow moulding machines. simonazzi, now part of sidel, had installed its fi rst fi ller in 1987 and opened an indian subsidiary in 1997. in 2008, sidel india will expand manufacturing operations to include the assem-bly of additional packaging line equipment. krones provisional 2007 fi gures in the 2007 business year, krones achieved new records for all signifi cant statis-tics, according to provisional fi gures. in comparison to the preceding year sales were up by 12.8 % at 2,156.0 million euros, a steeper increase than originally anticipated. order bookings rose by 16.9 % to reach 2,300.2 million euros. krones held a comfortable order book of 890.9 million euros at december 31st 2007. the healthy growth in the eighth record year in succession was driven primarily by the continued buoyant demand for packaging machinery. international bev-erage conglomerates that are building numerous new factories in regions such as eastern europe, south america, asia and africa, are particularly prominent users of krones’ full-service capabilities. for profi ts after taxes krones exceeded 100 million euros for the fi rst time in 2007. at 101.8 million euros profi ts were up by 31.4 % on 2006. koch: new sales offi ce great britain and ireland werner koch maschinentechnik gmbh of ispringen, germany, manufactures equipment and systems for the mixing, dosing, conveying, drying and storing of plastic granulates and plastic powders. the company has now opened a new sales offi ce in swindon, uk, to further develop the position of koch on both the british and irish markets. derek defty, who has held leading positions in well-known plastics industry companies for over 30 years, will be in charge of the new offi ce. koch equipment and systems are used in more than 4,000 plastics processing companies around the world. eastman sells off euro-pean pet and pta facilities eastman chemical company has announced that it has completed the sale of its european pet and pta assets to indorama. included in the sale are eastman’s pet facility and related businesses in the united kingdom and its pet and pta facilities and related businesses in the netherlands. eastman announced in december 2007 that it had entered into an agreement for the sale, subject to customary approvals. the total cash proceeds of the transac-tion are 224 million euros (approximately us 354 million), subject to adjustments in working capital. “this transaction com-pletes eastman’s divestitures of its non-strategic pet and pta assets located outside the u.s.”, said gregory o. nelson, eastman executive vice presi-dent and polymers business group head. success for erema following k 2007 erema has announced that since the “k” show in october 2007 the company has received 12 orders from north america, south america, europe, asia and africa for additional vacurema pet bottle recycling plants. this will see the austrian recycling equipment producer’s total fda certifi ed pet bottle recycling capacity exceed 500,000 tons per year during 2008. in the course of 2008 new orders will add a further 80,000 to 100,000 tons per year to vacurema produc-tion capacity in the above regions and the number of plants in operation world-wide will hit 100 units.

Page 7

news 7 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net

Page 8

news 8 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net “direct-to-sheet” technology octal has revealed details of its direct to sheet (dts) apet plastic manufacturing process which constitutes a signifi cant departure from traditional manufacturing processes, both in terms of manufactur-ing effi ciency and product quality. the new complex, located in the salalah free trade zone in oman, is funded by an initial 300 million investment in proprietary technology and custom-made production lines. the 330,000 tonne pet resin and apet sheet facility is sched-uled to start-up in august 2008. octal is focused on pet resin for bottles (150,000 tpa) and apet sheet (180,000 tpa). the proprietary dts technology elimi-nates two energy-intensive processes: resin drying and resin reheating or remelting, which together account for the majority of energy consumption and resin degradation. finally, there is absolute traceability as the resin is mechanically constrained to one source for a monolayer sheet – there can be no question as to the origin of the resin and its quality. graham packaging - 2007 results graham packaging has announced results for the year ended december 31st, 2007. the company reported net sales of 2,493.5 million us dollars for 2007, compared to 2,520.9 million for 2006 - a fall of 27.4 million dollars, or 1.1 per-cent on a 0.4 percent increase in units sold. the results were driven primarily by increased sales of lower-priced products and price reductions in response to competitive pressures, offset by an increase in resin costs which was passed along to customers and to the positive impact of changes in exchange rates. sales were down 3.6 percent in north america and up 17.8 percent, in europe, due in part to currency conversion. sales were up 17.1 percent, in south amer-ica also thanks to increased volume and currency conversion. during the fourth quarter of 2007 the company recorded non-cash impair-ment charges on fi xed and intangible assets to refl ect their net realizable value. these impairment charges were necessitated by, amongst other market factors, the steady conversion to concentrate in the liquid laundry detergent market, which has meant the use of smaller and fewer bottles. as a result the company experienced a net loss of 206.1 million dollars for the year ended december 31st, 2007, compared to a net loss of 120.4 million for the year ended december 31st, 2006. covenant compliance ebitda totalled 440.8 mil-lion dollars in 2007, compared to 418.2 million in 2006. drinktec attracts fruit juice congress to munich the ‘international fruit world’ (ifw) fruit juice congress will in future be taking place at drinktec, the world fair for beverage and liquid food technology. this has been agreed by messe münchen gmbh and the publishing house ‘confructa medien’. ‘confructa medien’ will be organising the next congress on the themes of liquid fruit and fruit processing on two days during drinktec 2009 at the new munich trade fair centre. the contracting partners expect around 300 delegates from all over the world to take part in the congress. the congress will also be an added attraction to pet bottlers, who will be able to combine it with a visit to petpoint 2009, held within the main drinktec exhibition. fraunhofer institute annual conference this year’s annual conference of the fraunhofer institute for process engi-neering and packaging ivv will atke place from june 3rd to 5th in freising, near munich. the titel of the conference is “flavour - new foodstuffs for modern consumer tastes”. the programme covers the whole spectrum of topics relat-ing to taste, aroma, freshness and prod-uct development, and looks at numerous foodstuffs and beverages. further information on this german con-ference can be found at http://www.ivv.fraunhofer.de/index_e.html (under “events”) 13th international soft drinks conference canadean’s 13th international soft drinks conference, to be held on wednes-day, may 28th, 2008, at sheraton hotel in lisbon, portugal, seeks to provide delegates with a stimulating set of discussions on the theme of innovation - for sustainability and profi tability. a new set of pressures has emerged to challenge the global beverage industry. driven by rising demand from new economic giants such as china and india, energy and raw materials price hikes threaten profi tability. these pressures, along with increased environmental awareness plus the growing consumer trend for health and wellness, act as a catalyst for innovation, as producers seek solutions that deliver sustainable and profi table businesses. held in conjunction with unesda’s annual meetings and general assembly in lisbon, the conference will include industry leaders and experts from pepsi bottling, coca-cola, orangina, adelholzener and others. further details can be obtained at www.canadean.com or on 44 (0) 1256 394210 new pet recycling plant planned for hong kong a pet recycling plant is being planned for hong kong by rdb gmbh (recy-cling). post consumer pet bottles from europe will be sorted, washed and fl aked. the fl akes will then be supplied to the chinese fi bre industry. output is expected to be some 15 to 20,000 tonnes per annum. rdb operates pet post consumer pet preparation facilities in aukrug and oberhausen, germany, and is a major exporter of plastics for recycling.

Page 9

news 9 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net sipa s.p.a. via caduti del lavoro, 3 - 31029 vittorio veneto (tv) italy - tel. 39 0438 911511 - fax 39 0438 912273 - sipa@zoppas.com - www.sipa.it visit us: interpack hall 13 stand c7-d78 chinaplas hall 2 stand e2 c31 free to choose the container manufacturing technology that best suits your needs

Page 10

regional market reports 10 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net reg i ona l mar ke t repor t s south africa part 2 it was an interesting nine days that i spent in south africa. everybody i spoke to was very positive and one could almost feel the booming industry. as you will read in one of the interviews: “south africa is a third world country with first world standards”. this is what makes this country so exciting, the contrast between the ‘bush ambience’ and modern industry. i feel confi dent that once the new democracy has settled in and gathered enough experience to govern and manage, the republic of south africa will still stand out as by far the leading nation in the southern africa. by kris kristensen south africa during the stay in south africa i visited: fontana manufacturers near durban and in the johannesburg region: packaging plant (netstal) simbot (sidel, simonazzi) krones nissei asb uss pactech (sipa) kay industries (sig) cinqpet nampak petpak abi (sab-miller) xacpet (mondi packaging) winplas

Page 11

regional market reports 11 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net fontana manufacturers history fontana was established by italian immigrants in the late 1960’s. the company originally manufactured house-hold furniture until a client enquiry initiated a change to the manufacturing of steel locking rings for the industrial steel and plastic drum industry. over the years the customers’ needs shifted and this led to the manufacture of other prod-ucts and fi nally to the introduction of plastic components. plastic products during the 1990’s fontana introduced the fi rst single-piece 28 mm closure for csd. all closure manufacturing was done by injection moulding. at the beginning of this decade fontana found it necessary to improve quality and consistency and introduced the fi rst high-tech compression machines. fontana now produces all beverage closures from 27 mm to 45 mm diameter by compression. raoul fontana, owner and ceo of fontana says “innovation, development and passion are the norm at fontana. exten-sive research and development and customer partnership are of paramount importance.” fontana was the fi rst to introduce single-piece closure technology to south africa. they now have a complete range of beverage closures in single and two-piece ver-sions including sports closures. the newest release, 30/25 and 38 fl ip top closures, are another fi rst for south africa. pet division with the introduction of new sports closures came the necessity to establish a pet preform division. partnerships and close relationships have spurred fontana to become involved in the manufacturing of preforms and bottle blow-ing. preforms range from 28 mm to 38 mm neck fi nishes with the possible introduction of 45 mm neck fi nishes in 2009. another fi rst by fontana will be the new lightweight closures and preforms which will be on the market by the end of 2008. future every market needs differentiation. fontana and its as-sociates introduced its expertise and technology with the launch of multilock and thread lock neck fi nishes. “our introduction of ml1881 will be completed by the year end, closely followed by the tl30/25 and ml38mm”, fontana adds. “we have always offered added value, high-tech de-signs and product leadership through innovation. we have very exciting times ahead due to further expansions taking place. new closure lines will commence production in may 2008 and we plan to start abroad within the next year”. fontana manufacturers: with the introduction of new sports closures came the necessity to establish a pet preform division. raoul fontana, ceo fontana manufacturers iso 9001 iso 14001 certified firm polyester resins with a difference... corporate office rohit house, 3 tolstoy marg, new delhi – 110001, india tel.: 91-11-43517917-21 fax : 91-11-43517596 email : info@pearlpet.net website: www.pearlpet.com pet jars & bottles packaging polyester resin for special applications manufactured with zimmer technology uniform product with excellent rheological properties product with narrower i.v. spectrum, better mwdistribution guaranteed color values and clarity guaranteed low acetaldehydes and end groups speciality resins twenty litre jars, low antimony, ultra clear packaging films, shrink films, high twist films, monofilaments, flame retardant, fast reheat, apetsheet monofilaments pet resin

Page 12

regional market reports 12 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net packaging plant (ppc) company history the company was founded in 1976 by wilfried kam-beck, who started out representing the following manufac-turers: herma (labelling), rosendahl (cable manufacture), welex (extrusion) and polytype (printing). at the end of the seventies ppc took on husky and in the late eighties sidel. in 1999, in line with their decision to work only with wholly-owned subsidiaries throughout the world, husky opened their own offi ce in south africa and in 2006 sidel, through a global change in strategy, made a similar deci-sion. present knowing the pet industry in south africa since the early days, ppc maintained a presence in the fi eld of pet with high quality injection moulding systems from netstal, and in 2007 acquired the krones agency for stretch blow moulding machines for the south african converter market only. today, ppc covers the pet market with the following equipment: herma (label) imaje (ink jet printer) azo (resin handling) agr topwave (bottle measuring equipment) mht (preform moulds) netstal (preform systems) krones (stretch blow machines) roeders (blow moulds) after having worked out of small offi ces ppc moved into brand new facilities in a business park in kyalami, jo-hannesburg, with the possibility of having a show machine on the fl oor as well as storage space for spare parts and workshops for in-house equipment repairs. organisation in 2006/7, when mr. and mrs. kambeck decided to go into ‘semi-retirement’, the majority of their shares were acquired by some key employees. rudi mostegel, who has george lambert porter, managing director simbot been with the company since 1990 took over as general manager of ppc. in johannesburg there is a total of 15 employees including 5 technicians. they also have sales/ technical support located in cape town, durban and port elizabeth. future rudi mostegel is positive about the future: “whilst south africa has to deal with continuous and sometimes unexpected challenges, the time up to the soccer world cup in 2010 looks promising and with our portfolio i am confi dent that ppc will remain one of the leading suppli-ers to the pet and plastics industry on the south african market”. simbot (pty) ltd. company history simbot, whose owners/directors are george lambert-porter and dugald macdonald, was founded 26 years ago. during this time they have represented simonazzi, the well known italian manufacturer of high quality, high speed fi lling lines and associated equipment. in the last 15 years they have managed to negotiate the ”slalom route” between the various new owners of simonazzi - cir, sig, and now tetra laval. after the merger by tetra of sidel and simonazzi into one company under sidel management simbot has now added the sidel stretch-blow moulding ma-chines to the previous range of equipment - which includes labelling, shrink-wrapping, robotic dry-end equipment and systems engineering. they can now offer complete fi lling lines (except measuring equipment) from blowing the bottles through to packed and palletised products going out the door at the other end of the factory. present simbot’s customers range from breweries, and soft drinks bottlers (e.g. abi), as well as mineral water bot-tlers (valaqua to nestlé waters) and ‘converters’ (petpak, boxmore, mondipak, polyoak), who manufacture bottles for the industry. rudi mostegel, managing director packaging plant (ppc)

Page 13

regional market reports 13 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net

Page 14

regional market reports 14 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net geographically, their customer base ranges from sub-saharan countries (except nigeria) handled by dugald macdonald, whilst george lambert-porter looks after southern africa. these two gentlemen, with their principals, handle all sales matters. “south africa is an interesting country to work in. we are a third world country with first world standards,” says george lambert-porter. he continues, “from past sales of sidel machines, we currently hold the number 1 market position in blow-moulding activities. in overall packaging/fi lling equipment we are probably number 2 or 3 after our german competitors (krones and khs)”. organisation the company is well set up with regard to technical support staff with a service manager, 4 permanent tech-nicians plus 4 full-time, but freelance technicians. parts (wear items) are supplied directly to their customers. future the pet market keeps growing and constantly sees new players, such as shandaka, a coke joint venture. george’s view of the future: “the traditional csd mar-ket is increasing in volumes and constantly adding new products and formats. in addition, new markets and players in mineral waters, “sports drinks”, and sensitive or ‘preserv-ative free’ beverages are opening up”. the water market is growing at some 20-25% per year, which is a rather steep growth curve. in this growing market george sees many opportunities. “more milk and milk/juice mixes are coming onto the market in pet these days. they were previously packaged in glass or paper cartons. there is also a grow-ing trend, internationally, for ‘light-weighting’ of bottles. in this regard our principals have recently launched a new lightweight technology, blowing a bottle called the ‘no bot-tle’, which was exhibited at the k-show in düsseldorf - a 500 ml pet bottle weighing 9.9 grams!” krones southern africa company history the company is a fully owned subsidiary of krones ag in germany, established in 1993, and covering the whole range of krones equipment, which in 2000 included the contiform stretch blow moulding machines. organisation krones is based in johannesburg and has a total staff of 26 employees. this will grow considerably this year as south africa will become the lifecycle services base op-eration for africa, which is currently being established. life-cycle service (lcs) is the after-sales support for installed and commissioned equipment, including maintenance con-tracts and service level agreements (slas). desmond haddon, sales and marketing manager, krones south africa

Page 15

regional market reports 15 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net present desmond haddon, sales and marketing manager: “looking at the traditional fi lling line market, i feel we have a 70% market penetration and for in-plant blowing ma-chines some 60%. there are no krones blowing machines installed in the converter market yet, mainly due to the fact that the krones range starts with eight cavities and their requirement is for lower outputs”. the pet market is slowly maturing and seeing the ad-vent of hot fi ll and multilayer bottles. krones also recently set a new standard with an 8.8 g 500 ml pet bottle. the synchronised blocking of the blow moulder directly to the fi ller is also becoming more popular. some beer news: desmond also mentioned that at the beginning of 2007 sab (south african brewer-ies) established a partnership with heineken to package amstel. this may have prompted heineken to set up their own brewery in south africa, although up to now it is not known when or where. husky injection mold-ing systems profi le husky began supplying pet sys-tems and base cup systems into south africa at the beginning of the eighties. today, they have a local sales and service team in johannesburg. they undertake technical audits and pre-ventive maintenance programs with their customers to minimise unplanned machine shut downs. they also stock spare parts in johannesburg. present at the moment there are 43 husky pet machines in south africa, rep-resenting an 86% share of the total preform market. in addition there are 26 machines in the thin wall/closure market and their hot runner sales are steadily increasing. pet customers include mondipak plastics, boxmore, nampak petpak, just to name a few. “it is quite exciting to be part of this growth in the pet market”, says husky’s sales manager stephan ler-sch. “over the past two years we have installed new preform systems repre-senting a 35% market growth”. the new generation www.siapi.it siapi srl - via ferrovia nord, 45 - 31020 s. vendemiano - treviso, italy - tel. 39.0438.4096 - fax 39.0438.401016 - info@siapicamerin.it nissei asb company history nissei asb was the fi rst to enter the pet market in about 1981, supplying mainly asb650 machinery for the old coca-cola bottles with the base cup design. this market was eventu-ally taken over by 2-stage systems and the asb650 machinery was phased out. it was not until 1996 and the introduction of the pf series that nissei asb re-entered the market with any real success. in 1999 nissei asb decided to set up a subsidi-ary offi ce in south africa to provide a base offering better serv-ice to the growing market in southern and east africa.

Page 16

regional market reports 16 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net “in 1995 there were something like 6 machines in south africa. nowadays, we deliver between 20 and 30 machines every year into southern and eastern africa”, said a nissei spokesman. present john craw, general manager of nissei asb south africa says: “i estimate that we have about 70% of the market for single-stage machinery. from being a one-man offi ce in 1999, we now have a staff of six. we cover southern africa all the way up to tanzania. this also gives our customers confi dence that the offi ce can supply service and back-up at all times. we stock a large amount of spare parts and pride ourselves on being able to react immediately to 95% of all breakdowns”. nissei asb’s major customers in south africa are nampak, winplas, bowlerpet, astrapak (hilfort plastics), mondipak plastics and razco plastics. machinery delivered into africa since 1995 country no of machines south africa 120 tanzania 24 uganda 6 zambia 4 mozambique 2 zimbabwe 9 kenya 45 total 207 the future the demand for pf series machinery for bottles and asb series machinery for jars will continue as converters are pro-ducing more and more specialised shapes for their custom-ers. the underlying growth in the south african market is driven by the rapid expansion of the middle classes resulting from government policies for the redistribution of wealth and opportunities. as a company, nissei asb is developing 2-stage ma-chinery to complement the popular pf series and to fi ll the gap between single-stage and the higher end 2-stage machinery. nissei asb released the pm70/65n preform ma-chine at k2007 and john feels strongly that they will be able to capitalise on the large growth in sa with this new equip-ment in 2008 new reheat blowing machinery for standard and hot fi ll bottles is being launched, aimed at the increasing juice and beer markets. john continues, “our hot fi ll bottle is ideal for the local converter market thanks to the pat-ented double blow system. the bottle can be stored for long periods of time and does not need to be blown in-line at the fi lling plant for up to 95 c fi lling temperatures. it can also withstand the extremes of pasteurisation tunnels”. stephan lersch, sales manager (left) and ashley henry, project eng., husky injection molding systems development plastics-compatible design and injection-moulding simulation high cavity moulds mass production to perfection moulds for the packaging industry closures multi-component injection moulds in the high-performance sector technology centre plastics technology production support after sales service z-moulds a brand of z-werkzeugbau-gmbh competent – professional – inspiring hoechster strasse 8 · 6850 dornbirn, austria · t 43 5572 7272-720 · www.z-moulds.com

Page 17

regional market reports 17 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net uss pactech (sipa) profi le uss pactech has been supplying and servicing pack-aging equipment since 1983. the company has its head offi ce in bryanston, johannesburg, and branch offi ces in durban, port elizabeth and cape town. john craw, general manager, nissei south africa lars froehlich (left), sales & marketing director uss pactech and hein krebs, sales executive n additional value for pet recycling: we have opened up new paths with this basic principle. the most important step: pet flakes are analysed thoroughly in our own laboratory . the systems are adjusted precisely to the characteristics of the material. the effect: processing savings in time and costs, the end result is of high quality and profitable. choose the somos recycling method from advice up to project management – made by mannhummel protec. mannhummel protec gmbh postfach 1606 · 64606 bensheim · tel. 49 (62 51) 7 70 61-0 · fax 49 (62 51) 7 70 61-500 www.mh-protec.com · info@mh-protec.com we turn pet flakes into an essential factor for your success mh/ip 310 (0) 01 present lars froehlich, sales and marketing director says: “our business is food and beverages! our success is based on a good track record and service support, installing various turnkey projects, which include project management and machine integration from different suppliers with almost eve-ry large and multinational company in south africa”. these companies include tiger brands, national brands, pioneer foods, unilever, nestlé, abi (coca-cola) and danone.

Page 18

regional market reports 18 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net uss pactech represents: sipa, stretch blow machines, blowing machines and pre-form systems. posimat, unscramblers pe, labelling machines dimac, shrink wrappers future lars is very positive about the future. “in sipa we have an exceptional principal that is providing tremendous sup-port. in only three years we have installed 11 stretch blow machines and three preform machines here. one italian technician in constantly in south africa and two of our tech-nicians have undergone sipa training”. kay industries (pty) ltd (sig) history founded in 1981 by three brothers (of which two are still in the business): richard and kerry kuhlmann. kerry looks after one part (fischer fixing systems) and richard the other (kay industries). originally kay industries had various krupp agen-cies, then later krupp corpoplast and krupp kautex. since the sig acquisition of corpoplast, kay industries took up other sig companies including sig combibloc. after the launch of the blomax series ii, kay in-dustries had their first success in 1996 when they installed the first corpoplast in-house blow moulder in south africa at the bottler abi. their business grew well over the years and today there are in excess of 26 corpoplast machines (200 blow cavities) installed in the south african market. “this represents a 30% market share of two-stage technology”, says richard kuhlmann. present on the pet sales side, richard is directly involved, with assistance from two other sales reps. they are richard kuhlmann, managing director kay industries

Page 19

regional market reports 19 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net actively supported by pet service technicians and spares and shipping coordinators. due to the synergy effect with fischer they have a good stock of wear parts and parts that move frequently. on a 24/7 basis, they endeavour to deliver spares within 8-12 hours or less, depending on when the request is made and if the part is in stock. says richard kuhlmann: “the amount of new equip-ment for the pet market, which is presently being discussed, is very encouraging”. the next few years should see a continuation of new installations, possibly hot fill and multilayer applications. presently, fresh fruit juice is being cold-filled into standard pet mono layer bottles, which of course is not a long term solution”. khs history khs south africa have been active in the country since 1971 and for nine years have been a wholly-owned khs ag subsidiary, located conveniently in the north of johannesburg. this is where two of their big customers’ head-offices are located - sab miller and abi (coca-cola filler). present whereas khs were manufacturing palletisers and con-veyors here in the eighties, they are today concentrating on servicing their customers to the best possible standard. says managing director, volker geng, “customers have to keep running all the time and we have to be there the minute they call. also having customers in angola, botswana, mozam-bique, namibia, zambia and zimbabwe, we have to offer our clients the best possible service, both in terms of personnel and also with quick delivery of spare parts”. more than 60% of the south african khs employees work in customer service, for clients such as sab miller, abi, coca-cola sabco, peninsula beverages, coca-cola can-ners, ceres, distell, delta corporation (zimbabwe), kgala-gadi breweries/beverages (botswana), northern breweries (zambia) and namibia breweries. khs can look back on a very successful 2007 and can mention two major projects, which will be installed in this year: a 27,000 bph turnkey pet fi lling plant for abi pretoria and a 42,000 bph turnkey refi llable glass fi lling plant (csd) for northern breweries (sab) in zambia. volker geng adds, “things are looking up in southern africa and we are making sure that we are getting our share of the action.” you care for the content. we care for the filling and packaging. nature’s goodness deserves special protection. over the last few years, asep-tic filling has become one of khs’ core fields of expertise. as a leader in the field of acf technology, we offer cutting-edge solutions that retain the natural quality of sensitive ingredients in products such as milk-based beverages. this begins with aseptic filling and ranges from labeling to suitable packaging geared to meet market requirements. beverage food nonfood www.khs.com

Page 20

regional market reports 20 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net cinqpet company history it was in 1998 that cinqplast and plastop merged to become cinqplast-plastop and a subsidiary of master plastics. these companies (now members of the astra-pak group) had both been supplying a range of customised plastic packaging solutions to customers for more than two decades. astrapak is a south african company with annual sales around 2.2 billion rand (200 million euros). present the denver plant in johannesburg houses two distinct operations, cinqplast-plastop and cinqpet, between them producing plastic bottles, jars and closures. they have two pet bottle manufacturing plants and one pet thermoforming plant - cinqpet in johannesburg with preform machines and single-stage machines (husky preform systems, netstal preform machines, mht moulds and aoki single-stage), hilfort plastics in cape town where they have single-stage equipment (again aoki) and stretch blow machines, and thermopak, a thermoforming opera-tion. they process 17,000 tonnes of pet per year in the astrapet division. daniel booyens, managing director, explains their strong market position: “we have an excellent track record in carrying through new projects, from design and prototyp-ing to ready production. using the synergy of belonging to a large group we can quickly develop new packages for our customers utilising ‘family members’ such as dlc for cus-tomised wrap-around labelling and jj precision plastics for closures, with cinqpet providing container development”. supporting its competence in the pet market, cinqpet offers both single-stage and two-stage processes for pet conversion, allowing for the production of the widest possi-ble range of pet containers, from high volume water, juice and carbonated soft drink bottles through to wide-mouth jars and specialised cosmetics bottles. daniel booyens, managing director cinqpet you will feel better having made the right decision. reduce your energy consumption. gesellschaft wärme kältetechnik mbh friedrich-ebert-str. 306-314 · d-58566 kierspe tel. 49 23 59 - 66 50 · www.gwk.com perfect cooling and perfect temperature control mould inserts temperature control technology water treatment cooling technology temperature controllers chillers energy saving cooling systems

Page 21

regional market reports 21 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net future daniel continues: ”hot fi ll is emerging in south afri-ca due to the increased emphasis on non-preservative beverages. health water is already on the increase and although abi already have aseptic fi lling for sports drinks i see it more likely that the industry will go for hot fi ll - a much lower investment which does not require highly skilled labour in a still uncertain market. it would be the prudent way to go”. nampak petpak profi le nampak is africa’s largest and most diversifi ed packag-ing manufacturer, also with operations in several countries in europe. their total turnover is 1.8 billion euros. the pet side of nampak is called petpak and was one of the pioneers (late seventies) in the south african pet industry. they employ a total of 400 people and convert 15,000 tonnes of pet per year. nampak is supplying coca-cola bottlers with bottles either as direct shipments or via hole-in-the-wall arrange-ments, whereby petpak owns and manages the blow machines in their customers’ plants. philip de weerdt, man-aging director of nampak rigid plastics, thinks that by the end of 2008 all coke bottlers will blow their own bottles, either through this type of deal or under their own manage-ment and ownership of the blowing machines. all supply to coca-cola is done by ‘hard tolling’ where-by coke purchases and delivers the resin to their suppliers, who in turn get paid for ‘converting’ only. in the nineties, when refi llable pet bottles were intro-duced in germany, the same was attempted in south africa by petpak. philip de weerdt comments, “for some inex-plicable reason it never took off except in the cape area, where there are still ‘revpets’ in circulation fi lled with coke products. petpak are topping up the pipeline. this limited market is all the more strange since there was, and still is, a substantial business with refi llable glass bottles”. philip de weert, managing director nampak rigid plastics .ewprotectivemultilayer 0%4bottlefor!ccadö longlife5(4milk 0atentedby'ranarolo 4riplelayer0%4preform madeby)&!0 h%xceedingourcustomersgexpectationswith0iovan thehighestproductionefficiencyatthelowestenergy utilisationforatotalprotectionofcontentsv 0ietro"ruseschi;0residentof)&!03p!

Page 22

regional market reports 22 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net bob naidoo, materials manager, abi other than the csd business, petpak also has a grow-ing liquid packaging division focusing on non-carbonated juices. these bottles are all made on nissei single-stage equipment. as philip de weerdt says - “many bottle shapes, many customers”. petpak operate a good sized r & d department in cape town, where quality control of bottles, preforms and resin is also carried out. they conduct fea analyses and do ex-tended tests with liquid and food contents in their packages to ensure that the stated shelf lives are also adhered to. future philip sees a 10% growth in the csd pet market com-ing both from a limited amount of real growth and the rest from substitution of the glass market. “with the resin price of pet now being more or less in line with the polyolefi ns there could be some interesting conversions in the near future” says philip. juice should grow 5-10% (hot fi ll) and they have begun to see pet activity in wine. at the mo-ment it is obviously the low end of the scale, but philip felt that this market could really grow. concerning beer, petpak its taking a ‘wait-and-see’ approach. there is a lot of talk, but so far no action. finally, they have acquired a license from the american company plastic can for the manufacture of 1 litre pet paint pails. these pails can hold solvent-based paint and are made on single-stage equipment. abi profi le abi is owned by sab-miller and is one of the larg-est coca-cola bottlers in africa. they produce 60% of all coca-cola beverages in south africa. coca-cola, an icon in sa, represents 90% of all csds being consumed. abi is about 15% of sab-miller’s sales, i.e. 15% of us 20,000,000. spare parts and repairing pet blow machinery assemblies b&g products llc www.bgproducts.com “higher standards - lower prices” spare parts and repairing pet blow machinery assemblies e-mail: sales@bgproducts.com b&g spare parts for reheat blowers sidel ; cincinnati rhb’s; krones , corpoplast (krupp); mag-plastic , sipa ; nissei and other brands. b&g products llc - 3631 44th st. se no. e, grand rapids, michigan 49512 usa t elephone (616-698-9050) fax (616-698-9271) i met with bob naidoo, who is the materials manager for sab limited. he told me that sab-miller (abi) is the 5th largest coke bottler in the world with 3,800 employees in abi alone. abi also blow their own bottles. most preforms are supplied by xacpet, and some also come from nampak and boxmore. present a big seller is still the 1.25 litre returnable glass bottle.it’s a social size: people sit together at lunch and share one or two bottles. moreover, it gives coca-cola an edge: newcomers wanting to move in on the market will have to build up hun-dreds of thousands of glass bottles in their pipeline in order to compete glass against glass. cans in general are on the decline. the only increase is seen on the beer market, for the simple reason that there is a shortage of glass. abi saw 11% growth in csd last year and they are pushing water and juice. they have the only two cold asep-tic fi lling lines in the country: one in cape town and one in pretoria. bob naidoo says, “we minimise our packaging cost by managing and partnering with our suppliers”. this is done by: hard tolling procure bottle crate moulds and let the converters make crates at up-front, agreed prices the same thing goes for our glass suppliers. abi are in charge of what is paid for the raw material. future bob added:” i see the future growth in water and juice. they have both shown tremendous growth and with our know-how in aseptic fi lling we can move fast. we are very aware of the growth of alcopops and have some serious campaigns informing potential young alcopop victims of the danger inherent in over-consumption of this type of beverage” bob naidoo is active in recycling and is a director of petco.

Page 23

regional market reports 23 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net bericap s.a.r.l 1 boulevard eiffel, f- 21600 longvic-lès-dijon tel. 33(0)3 80 63 29 31 fax. 33(0)3 80 63 29 30 info.france@bericap.com www.bericap.com economical significant contribution to reduce the effects of polymer price and transportation cost rises new hexalite light weight closures for still water environmentally friendly lower plastic resin con-sumptions for the pet bottle (neck) and for the closure improved carbon footprint less green house gas emissions per litre of water delivered to end consumers unique range of light weight closures for new light weight neck standards for water: 26/21, 28 (pco 1881) and 29/25; screw and sports caps reliable capping performances even on high speed filling lines packaging performances similar to better than existing closures for still water: tightness, organoleptic, tamper evidence, comfort to open and reclose 28 mm (pco 1881) hexalite 29/25 push pull sports cap hexalite 26/21 thumb’up sports cap committed to offer sustainable packaging solutions to the water industry hall 10/stand 10e67

Page 24

regional market reports 24 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net henk de klerk, director operations mondipak plastics mondi packaging history mondi packaging was established late in 1995 with the name xac-pet, primarily for the production of edible oil bottles with one sidel sbo 10 and a husky 300t preform system. this production represented some 90% of their business. then, in late 2000, they lost it virtually overnight. this presented a serious challenge to begin diversifying the business. today, under the name of mondipak plastics wadeville, the edible oil bottle business is only 15% of their sales. they deliver most of abi’s preform requirements (30% of their turnover) and also a lot of food containers to nestlé and unilever , for products such as chutney, liquid margarine, salad dressings, and a variety of sauces. present in 2006 mondipak plastics made a contract with abi to become their sole supplier of preforms. a 1,560 m building was added to the wadeville operation and together with husky, who supplied plant layouts, piping details and overall specifi cations, they put up a state-of-the-art preform manufacturing plant and operate 7 husky preform systems covering the abi supply. these are 3x144 cavities, 1x128 cavities, 1x72 cavities and 2x48 cavities. also on the site they have 10 nissei machines for their food and oil business. they process 40,000 tonnes of pet/year with 220 employees (capacity: 45,000 t/a). they also operate a second plant in johannesburg, where they make all of abi’s closures - in total 1 billion per year split 50% for glass and 50% for pet . to produce this amount they bought 4 new 48-cavity sacmi compression moulding systems, all installed in a clean and air-conditioned environment. the closures they make are under pelliconi licence. pp containers are also produced for food and juices. one great advantage of pp is that it can be hot fi lled without being produced on ‘a hot-fi ll-machine’. in june, they will take delivery of a 600 tonne co-injection husky machine. this is a used and overhauled machine from graham packag-ing’s french factory producing 5-layer preforms. they will use the ma-chine to produce a variety of products, including 0.3 litre coke preforms. future henk de klerk, director of operations, says:” our future strategy is to follow the in-house blowing trend carefully, and eventually to

Page 25

regional market reports 25 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net warwick oakley, managing director winplas (right) and his partner peter raubenheimer lanfranchi s.r.l. 43044 collecchio (parma) italy - tel. 39 0521 541011 - fax 39 0521 802149 - www.lanfranchigroup.com - sales@lanfranchi.it lanfranchi north america inc. tampa (fl) 33614 usa - tel. 1 (813) 9015333 - fax 1 (813) 9015518 - sales@lanfranchiusa.com - service@lanfranchiusa.com lanfranchi nord europe 59100 roubaix france - tel. 33 3 20689620 - fax 33 3 20689621 - contact@lanfranchi.fr leader in bottles and preforms handling evolution time preform unscrambler unscramble your mind! main advantages: new concept no jams with nested preforms increased efficiency on your blow-moulding machine: from 1 % up to 2 % quick change-over operations: 5 minutes for preforms with the same neck dimensions but different sizes, 10 minutes for preforms with different neck dimensions 99,8% efficiency guaranteed for start-up after change-over operations speed: from 1.000 up to 80.000 p/h no platform reduced overall dimensions new www.layout.it have split operations (preform making and bottle blow-ing). there is fi erce competition and luckily we are deci-sive enough to move fast when required. our successful relationship with abi has led to further business being awarded to mondipak plastics, so we can already see the fi rst spin-off benefi ts of our large preform and closure deal. having 3d printing technology in-house when talking on new projects is a great asset”. winplas company history the company was founded in late 1999 by peter raubenheimer and warwick oakley. they have an in-vestor, who is also their major customer: willotton oil company. the split is 60% willotton and 40% peter raubenheimer and warwick oakley. managing director warwick oakly says, “we were in need of a lot of machines quickly, with limited funds. nissei asb turned out to be a fantastic partner who saw the op-portunity and was willing to share the risk”. present today, winplas employs 230 people in two plants (jo-hannesburg and cape town) and processes about 13,000 tonnes of pet/year. whereas edible oil is their major busi-ness, they are also supplying bottles for mineral water, juices and household products. production equipment: 7 sig stretch blow machines 3 premax preform systems 19 nissei machines injection moulding machines for closure production at their 3 million euro mould store they operate a highly disciplined system. warwick explains: “when a mould leaves the machine it is brought to the tool-room, cleaned, main-tained and repaired if necessary. it is then shrink wrapped and put into storage with its log-book attached. that way there are no surprises when the mould is taken out for pro-duction later”. future the company is very customer-oriented and will continue to follow that path in the future. it is a policy that has brought them up to a 55 million euro revenue in seven years. the working environment is important to peter and warwick. they have just had all of the offi ces completely redecorated and rearranged to create a better place to work. warwick says: ”next year, we believe people will consoli-date their business, digesting the huge investments made in 2006 and 2007. then, in 2009, we will see substantial growth again. major areas for market development will be mineral water and wine. beer will take longer”.

Page 26

regional market reports 26 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net www.atlascopco.com atlas copco zd compressor systems variable speed drive 30% energy saving in today’s competitive pet market, bottle cost reduction is the key to unlock a great saving potential and to directly improve your bottom line. with variable speed drive, atlas copco’s zd vsd series reduces your energy bill by up to 30% thanks to the winning combination of a vsd screw compressor and a vsd booster. installation cost is minimal and brings more savings: zd requires no special foundation or floor fixation. its sound insulated canopy allows it to be placed anywhere in the plant without the need for an expensive compressor room. zd vsd: a full range of 40 bar compressors from 500 to 4000 m 3 /h. from the world leader in compressed air technology . committed to your superior productivity.

Page 27

manufacturers of 2-stage stretch blow moulding machines as we commented last year in our survey of 2-stage blowing machines, the emphasis is less on bottles per cavity per hour and more on versatility and special purpose machines. other than sipa, who have really pushed the envelope with outputs of up to 2,000 bph per cavity, this year, as last year, the maximum fi gure still appears to be 1,800 bph. last year we did in fact suggest that higher outputs may be technically possible - and it seems that we were right. the focus today is nevertheless more on versatility, energy saving, air recovery, and machines to produce special purpose bottles, heat set bot-tles and large capacity containers. the more versatile machines being produced today are helping bottle blowers to widen the scope of pet container applications - oriented necks, unusual shapes to mimic exist-ing glass containers, and of course large capacity containers where pet is, amongst other things, continuing to make inroads into the hod water market. our survey covers 12 major manufacturers of sbm machines from eu-rope, north and latin america, and the far east. mag-plastic machinery s.a. of switzerland has now incorporated the former alkam products into their portfolio and will be marketing the whole range worldwide (other than in italy) as mag plastic. in italy sales and service of the mag/alkam machines will be the responsibility of the italian company sistec, who de-veloped and launched alkam. a notable absentee this year is the well-known corpoplast range. this business was recently taken over by salzgitter, the new owners of khs, and there are currently certain organisational changes to be confi rmed. as a result corpoplast has been unable to supply detailed information for the survey - but they are still very much in business! although the publishers have made every effort to ensure that the information in this survey is up to date no claims are made regarding completeness or accuracy 04/08 marketsurvey suppliers of caps and closures single stage machinery manufacturers 2-stage sbm machinery manufacturers manufacturers of preform systems producers of pellets and additives preform manufacturers manufacturers of preform moulds and stretch bloe moulds barrier technology producers of fi lling equipment compressor manufacturers

Page 28

market survey company name beutelspacher s.a. de c.v . kosme gesellschaft mbh postal address t elephone number web site address contact name function direct telephone number fax e-mail venados no. 52, col. los olivos, tláhuac, 13120 méxico d.f 0052 (55) 58404562 www.beutelspacher .com ing sergio beutelspacher sandoval ceo 0052 (55) 584045 62 00 52 (55) 5845 10 53 info@beutelspacher .com gewerbestrasse 3, 2601 sollenau, austria 0043 2628 411-0 www.kosme-austria.com johann gugler managing director 0043 2628 411-125 0043 2628 411-4125 j.gugler@kosme-austria.com 1. machine designation / model number sb 3001 ksb 2000 fb ksb 3000 s1 ksb 4l linear model linear model linear model 2. bottle volume (from/to in [litres]) a) standard machines 0.25 to 3 0.1 to 2.5 0.1 to 2.5 b) machine for large containers 3 to 12 3. maximum number of stretch-blow moulds [units] 1 or 2 2 3 4 a) standard machines b) machines for large containers 4. output per stretch-blow mould for: 0.5 litre csd bottle [units per hour] 1700 for 2 cavities (i.e. 850 bph/per cavity) 1.500 1.700 1 litre csd bottle [units per hour] 1700 for 2 cavities (i.e. 850 bph/per cavity) 1.500 1.650 1.5 litre still mineral water bottle 900 bph (single cavity) 1.500 1.600 large capacity container 5 litre 1200 bph; 10 litre 900 bph 5. footprint/space requirement, (length, width and height in [metres]) 3 x 2.8 x 2.1 8.4 x 3.66 x 3.1 (incl. preform feeding system) 8.4 x 3.66 x 3.1 (incl. preform feeding system) 8.8 x 3.74 x 3.1 (incl. preform 6. special features adjustable height exit conveyor can be shipped in a container mould closure by linear servo can be shipped in a container can be shipped in a containe company name mag-plastic machinery s.a. technopet machineries s postal address t elephone number web site address contact name function direct telephone number fax e-mail rue alfred-pot 1, ch-1896 vouvry , switzerland 0041-24-4820-820 www.magplastic.com andreas hitzig managing director 0041-24-4820-820 0041-24-4820-819 sales@magplastic.com 3g/7, majithia nagar , s v road, kandivli (w), mumbai 400 067, india 0091 22 28610828 www.techno-pet.com vineet bannore partner 0091 9820346565 0091 22 27482124 technopet@vsnl.net v 1 0 w m s 0 0 i 1. machine designation / model number - ssb (synchronised stretch blow) 3 models semi-1200 p-auto 1800 and p-auto 2400 p-hf 1200 e - lbm ( linear blow moulder ) serie : 4 models 1 - slc (super large container) serie : 2 models 2. bottle volume (from/to in [litres]) a) standard machines 40 ml to 5 litres 0.1 to 5 0.1 to 2.5 0.2 to 1 0 b) machine for large containers up to 7 gallons 5 to 20 5 3. maximum number of stretch-blow moulds [units] u a) standard machines up to 10 cavities 4 4 or 6 4 b) machines for large containers 1 or 2 4 4. output per stretch-blow mould for: 0.5 litre csd bottle [units per hour] 1.600 300 up to 600 300 1 1 litre csd bottle [units per hour] 1.600 300 up to 600 300 1 1.5 litre still mineral water bottle 1.600 250 up to 550 250 1 large capacity container 500 to 800 45 (20 litres) 2 5. footprint/space requirement, (length, width and height in [metres]) a) smallest machine: 8.15 x 6.65 x 3.5 3 x 2.5 x 2.7 3.5 x 3.5 x 3.0 3.0 x 4.0 x 2.7 a b) largest machine: 10.0 x 2.6 x 2.9 mm b 6. special features oval / complex shapes (preferential heating) semi-automatic 360 degree preform neck-cooling heat set to 90 degrees celsius loading of preforms with body diameter greater than neck ring diameter , preform neck orientation 360 degree preform neck-cooling 360 degree preform neck-cooling company name sidel postal address t elephone number web site address contact name function direct telephone number fax e-mail avenue de la patrouille de france, octeville sur mer bp204, 76053 le havre - france 00 www.sidel.com sylvie ory press relations 00 0033 (0)2 32 85 81 34 sylvie.ory@sidel.com 1. machine designation / model number sbo universal (14 models) sbo highspeed (2 models) sbo ph universal (preferential heating) - 6 models sbo supm ( 2 m 2. bottle volume (from/to in [litres]) a) standard machines 0.25 to 3 l 0.25 l to 0.7 l 0.25 to 3 l 0.25 to 5 b) machine for large containers 3. maximum number of stretch-blow moulds [units] 34 6 a) standard machines up to 30 20 b) machines for large containers 4. output per stretch-blow mould for: 0.5 litre csd bottle [units per hour] 1700 to 1800 1800 1200 1100 1 litre csd bottle [units per hour] 1700 to 1800 1200 1100 1.5 litre still mineral water bottle 1700 to 1800 1200 1100 large capacity container 5. footprint/space requirement, (length, width and height in [metres]) a) smallest machine 7.1 x 3.3 x 3.8 a) smallest machine 10.6 x 4.9 x 3.9 a) smallest machine 6.7 x 3.3 x 3.8 a) smallest mach b) largest machine 18.8 x 6.6 x 3.9 (not inluding preform feeder) b) largest machine 13.1 x 3.9 x 4.8 (not inluding preform feeder) b) largest machine 14.7 x 8.3 x 4.7 (not inluding preform feeder) b) largest machin (not inluding prefo 6. special features available as combi available as combi available as combi machine for large special purpose hot fi ll and preferential heat-ing models also available rotary machines dedicated to single serve containers available as com

Page 29

market survey krones ag boehmerwaldstrasse 5, d-93073 neutraubling, germany 0049 9401 70 - 0 www.krones.com heinz hennek head of product management 0049 9401 70 1298 heinz.hennek@krones.com ksb 8l ksb 6r ksb gigablow contiform range (s, h, sk, m and g series)* - 25 models available linear model rotary model linear model 0.1 to 2.5 0.1 to3 s/h 0.1 to 3.0 l, sk 0.1 to 0.7 l, m 0.1 to 1.5 30 g 1 to 5 l 8 6 40 2 12 1.250 1.800 1800 1.250 1.800 1800 1.250 1.800 1800 350 1200 preform feeding system) 9.5 x 2.9 x 3.3 (incl. preform feeding system) 7.0 x 6.05 x 4.00 (incl. preform feed system) 5.5 x 5.7 x 4.0 m (incl. preform feeding system) a) smallest machine : 6.8x4.4x3.5) b) largest machine: (18.4x6.8x3.5) ar servo motors preform feeding system partly integrated into the blowmoulder air wizard air recovery system container integrated exit with direct connection to air conveyor; can blow pet , pp and pla, * s standard, h heat set , sk smal l capaci ty containers, m medium capaci ty containers, g large capaci ty containers siapi s.r .l. side s.a. smi s.p.a. sipa spa via ferrovia nord 45, 1020 san vendemiano (tv) italy 0039 0438 4096 www.siapi.it mrs v . besa sales manager 0039 0438 4096 0039 0438 401016 info@siapicamerin.it pol.ind. monguit c/llinars s/n 08480 l’ametlla del vallès (barcelona) spain 0034 93 846 30 51 www.side.es josep jiménez export manager 004 677551928 0034 93 849 22 11 josep.jimenez@side.es via piazzalunga 30, 24015 san giovanni bianco (bg), italy 0039 0345 40111 www.smigroup.it paolo nava sales director 0039 0345 40111 0039 0345 40209 info@smigroup.it via caduti del lavoro 3, 31029 vittorio veneto (tv) italy 0039 0438 911511 www.sipa.it giovanni chiarotto stretch-blowmolding systems director 0039 0438 911511 0039 0438 912273 ea series, easyblow / maxblow / tms (10 models) sr - rotary stretch-blow moulders (10 models) sfr rotary blowmolder (6 models) sfl linear blowmolder ( 9 models) 10 models 10 modesl including 2 models for large capacity containers 0.2 – 3 0.25 to 10 from 0.25 to 3 0.2 to 3 from 0.2 to 3 5, 10 and 20 up to 30 from 3.5 to 10 to 12 up to 14 up to 6 6 up to 20 27 1 up to 6 1500 1300 1800 2000 1800 1500 1250 1800 2000 1700 1500 1200 1800 2000 1800 20 litres - 250 bph 450 1100 (5 litres), 900 (10 litres) 1500 ( 3litres) 5 li: 1250 bph. 12 l: 850 bph a) smallest machine 2 x 2.7 x 2.89 a) smallest machine 3 x 3 x 3 a) smallest machine: 3.6 x 3.78 x 3.55 a) smallest machine 3.5 x 3.4 x 3.4 b) largest machine 6.3 x 3.1 x 2.5 b) largest machine 6 x 3 x 3 b) largest machine: 4.79 x 7.9 x 3.55 b) largest machine 9.6 x 4.3 x 3.4 all electric. air recovery system (ars) as standard high speed „evo“ models all electric. air recovery , preferential heating and neck orientation advanced automation and control (motornet system) treble cavity model (sfr 9(/27) pp bottles neck orientation, preferential heating, pp bottles urola s.c. w. amsler equipment inc. urola kalea s/n, 20230 legazpi, spain 0034 943 737003 www.urola.com iñaki unanue 0034 943 737003 0034 943 730926 iunanue@urola.com 1245 reid st. unit 1, richmond hill, ontario, canada l4b 1g4 001 905 707 6704 www.amslerequipment.net john kowal blow molding projects manager 001 905 707 6704 001 905 707 6707 john@amslerequipment.net m ( 2 models) sbo hr universal (heat resistant) - 8 models sbo 4 compact (2 models) urbi series (5 models) l series r series 14 models in total 0.25 lto 2.5 0.25 lito 3.3 l 100 ml to 2 l 50ml to 6 l up to 10 up to 10 10 litres and 5 gallons 30 4 8 14 2 4 1 1800 1600 1550 1674 1700 1600 1500 1500 1400 1600 1600 1200 5 litres: 1,200 b/h/cavity . 10 litres: 800b/h/cavity 5 gallons/20 litre : 150 bph; 10 litre : 800 bph st machine 5.8 x 3.4 x 3.7 a) smallest machine 7.1 x 3.3 x 3.8 overall dimensions: 5.1 x 2 x 3.4 a) smallest machine: 2,70 x 2,25 single cavity – 2.1 x 1.9 x 2 machine 6.6 x x 3.4 x 3.7 ng preform feeder) b) largest machine 18.8 x 6.6 x 3.9 (not inluding preform feeder) (not inluding preform feeder) b) largest machine: 5,9 x 4,3 16 cavity - 4.15 x 3 x 3.2 or large capacity containers can be used for pet , pp and pla fully electric - 2 year warranty including oven lamps as combi neck orientation servo driven stretch rod, neck orientation: no special perform required, 50% energy savings, no hydraulics - all electric

Page 30

Page 31

material / recycling 31 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net 11th polyester recycling forum in moscow bmps new, used, rebuild molding machines, parts, service and auxiliary equipment contact: peter tordy 1260 creditstone road. concord, ontario l4k 1k5 ph: 905/738-5540 fax: 905/738-2098 e-mail: bmpscanada@idirect.com website: www.bmps.ca we want your used equipment 93&95 husky sx 600 system with 24.5 gm pco 96 cavity (2) 93 husky xl 500 robot, dryer 91&94 husky xl 300 robot and dryer (4) machines 85 husky xl 300 robot and dryer . moulds 20,24,37,47,54 gm 89 husky xl 225 robot, dryer . ultra modern preform, blow mould-ing filling plant 2000 and newer , netstal, sig, blowmax, sidel 80‘s cincinnati milacron 250 with 16,21,28 gm moulds 80‘s cincinnati milacron 375 ton 97 krupp/sig/engel permax 48 with robot and dryer rebuilt van dorn 250 ton co-ex lab machine low hours with dryer we have in stock perform moulds 24 to 55 gram and 25 high heat dryer systems for pet . autotek/efi 98 rsb 2,000, 2,000 bohn 04 be 2 - 1500, 2,000 bph b & g 90‘s rhb w & rhb xt cincinnati milacron rhb 5, 4,000 bph, rhb 2,000, 91 2,000 bph krones 01 contiform 10,12,000 bph low hours. krupp 95 b 66, 6,000 bph, 90 b 80, 10,000 bph, 90‘s b 177, mag 96 ssb 20, mag ssb 2040 side 01, 2 cavity, 2,200 bph and 2 4 cavity machines 4,400 bph, low hours. sig/krupp 01 blowmax 1 cavity lab machine low hours, blowmax 10/14 99, 12,000 bph, blow-max 16h 99, 20,000 bph sidel sbo 2/3 95 2,000 bph, sbo 4/6 01 4,400 bph for 5 liter , low hours: sbo 4/6 97 4,400 bph, sbo 6/10 98, 6,600 bph, 94 sbo 10/12, 10,000 bph. 93 sbo 16, 16,000 bph, 92 sbo 24/24, 18,000 to 24 bph (4) sipa 98 sf 4000, 4000 bph the 11th international polyester recycling forum organised by dr. thiele polyester technology, gneuss kunststofftechnik gmbh and creon took place in moscow the fi rst time on february 12th this year. polyester recycling is a relatively new issue in russia. bottle collection and sourc-ing of waste bottles in general are a major problem in this large country. the activities of waste management are still the responsibility of national and municipal governments. nevertheless the high level of interest was demonstrated by the fact that there were more than sixty participants. the speakers covered the recycling chain from the general market situation (dr. ulrich thiele - www. polyester-technology.com), through bottle collection and fl ake production to a variety of downstream processing methods. improved collection methods to boost bottle collection a unique col-lection tool was introduced by the company profbisinesstelecom (pbt - www.fandomat. ru), a joint venture between the city govern-ment of moscow and a private organisa-tion presented by a. a. velesov. pbt has developed a vending machine which accepts aluminium cans or polyester bottles and dispenses a small amount of money to the person depositing the container. there are now 1600 of these machines installed. peter meyer of ss gmbh (www.se-so-tec.com) presented the latest technology in bottle and fl ake sorting with the conclusion that combination of automatic pre- and post-sorting and selection provides fl akes with the lowest metal and foreign polymer impurities (in the range of only a few ppm). the large variety of recognition sensors allows tailoring of the selection process to the specifi c com-position of the waste bottle stream. flake production and processing fredy reif of kaeler holding ag (www. kaeler.com), a company installing and running fl ake production lines in russia, reported on current experiences with a fl ake production plant. the full technology of bottle fl ake production was introduced by siegfried engel of herbold meckesheim (www.herbold.com). nazifa kaluza of gneuß kunststofftechnik gmbh (www.gneuss.com) presented the new multi rotation system (mrs) which allows processing of pet fl akes without pre-drying under synchronous viscosity control. andreas christel of buhler (www.buh-lergroup.com) highlighted the complexity of recycling technology using the example of the bottle-to-bottle process.. the key theme from ralf herbert of rieter-automatik (www.rieter.com) was a process making recycling simpler and more environmentally friendly. the new cc-pet process converts the polyester melt without intermediate steps directly to crystallised pel-lets, saving about 35 kwh/t. stefan hoffmann of brückner formtec (www.brueckner.com) demonstrated brück-ner’s capabilities in pet recycling by a specifi c cast fi lm process. here 100% post consumer recyclate is converted into a fi lm useful in modifi ed atmosphere packaging (map). lorenzo maldarelli of sima s.r.l. (www.simagroup.it) explained in detail the processing of pet bottle fl akes directly to pet strapping products. fibre and fi lament production covers over 70% of the world’s polyester recycling conversion. to serve this industry sabine von bila-natzmer of oerlikon-neumag (www. neumag.oerlikontextile.com) informed the delegates about a broad portfolio of fi bre, fi l-ament and spunbond production processes. finally, erwin glawion of fleissner gmbh (www.fl eissner.de), gave the meeting a detailed review of the specifi c melt spinning problems of recycled polyester.

Page 32

material / recycling 32 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net european pet production - which way is it going? the neo group, based in lithuania, is a major european producer of pet resin, and is part of retal industries. cur-rent manufacturing capacity from the group’s two lines is some 308,000 tonnes per annum, with a third line await-ing installation. the principal markets are eastern europe, italy, germany, poland and the czech republic. petplanet insider was privileged to speak to the managing director of the neo group linas bulzgys about the growth of the group, and its view of the european pet market. 100% right from the outset. therefore, we had to learn very fast so that the internal changes would allow us to tune the organisation to its present shape. the process was quite diffi cult, but still successful, and today we have a lean organisational structure, with well-organised internal business and production processes. the company had obtained iso 9001 and iso 14001 certifi cates by the end of its fi rst year of operation. petplanet: it is often considered that production in a new eu member state such as lithuania gives signifi - cant cost advantages? does the plant location really make you more com-petitive? bulzgys: moving production to “new europe” may certainly give some short term advantages in the cost of labour, energy, maintenance and logistics. however i’d like to stress two important things: firstly, none of the cost advantages are automatic. you can realise and capture all these ben-efi ts only if you have the right people on board - people who are able to set up the most effi cient production and business processes. secondly, most of the benefi ts are diminishing in the process of so-called “equalisation of living stand-ards” between the new and the old eu member states. for example, labour costs have increased dramatically in recent years and infl ation in most of the new member states is signifi cantly higher than in the old member states. as a result of the harmonisation of excise taxes on fuel, as well as the sig-nifi cant price increases for the natural gas supplied to the eastern europe by gazprom, the russian monopoly, the cost of energy is increasing to a level comparable to the rest of the eu. petplanet: the neo group started its activity in the european pet market in the end of 2005. are you satisfi ed with the results two years later? bulzgys: entering a new market is always a diffi cult and challeng-ing task, especially when entering a market already occupied by the local european producers and with asian import widely available. nevertheless, i consider our market entry strategy to have been quite successful. we entered the market without aggres-sive price competition, which allowed european pet producers to maintain reasonable margins in 2006. of course, we made some mis-takes, which is inevitable with any new business or a production start up. the neo group plant was the fi rst up-stream “green-fi eld” project of retal industries, which at that time was a pet converter. thus, many things had to be created from scratch. for instance, despite all the efforts in the preparatory stages, we were not able to streamline all our organisa-tional and internal business processes linas bulzgys, managing director of the neo group

Page 33

material / recycling 33 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 therefore it is not possible to plan for the long-term success and the future of the business based on some temporary cost advantages available in eastern europe today. the process of convergence is not very rapid, but we have to start considering eastern europe as a part of the eu, with more or less the same threats and oppor-tunities. the same applies to the pet market and the long-term industry outlook. petplanet: how was the year 2007 for neo group and for the european pet market? bulzgys: in the year 2007 the neo group concentrated most of its efforts on the further implementation of its commercial strategy. our aim was to achieve the right client portfolio mix and to balance contract and spot deals, as well as to develop sales to large brand owners and pet converters. the results, so far, are very encouraging and we will continue this process in 2008. however, in terms of market development the last 12 months were very diffi - cult for everyone involved in european pet industry. bad weather conditions in north-ern and the eastern europe brought down the demand for pet by the month of june, and it has not yet recovered. as a consequence, pet pro-ducers’ margins in the second half of the year dropped to levels which cannot be fi nan-cially sustained in the long run and most of the produc-ers ended the year with very poor fi nancial results. petplanet: can we assign all the blame to the bad weather conditions? bulzgys: of course not. the european pet industry faces much more funda-mental issues and a “bad” summer has simply exposed their full scale. first of all, as a result of the new capacities installed in eastern europe during the last couple of years we clearly face signifi cant over-production now. we have chosen lithuania as a location for our plant because of its proximity to our group’s pet preform plants. such a combination was a perfect fi t to our overall strategy of creating an up-stream integrated pet packaging group. unfortunately, at the same time indorama also decided to build a plant several hundred meters away from ours. we now face a unique situation - two big pet plants compet-ing for exactly the same market. as a result of the additional capacity which came on stream in 2007 we experi-enced aggressive price competition, which at the end of the day led to margin erosion for all european pet producers. we believe that the reliance on aggressive price competition only leads to the breakdown of the value chain. we are in a commodity market and any price advantage will sooner or later be undercut by competitors. 2 doppelseiten mit jeweils rechts eine junior page: roders und mag plastic why not replacing heavy polycarbonate bottles by lightweight pet bottles, recyclable and coste effective. magplastic knows how to simplify your logistics while making substantial savings by substituting the old fashion extrusion blow-moulded pc bottle for an attractive pet container . mag-plastic machinery sa rue alfred-pot 1 ch-1896 vouvry switzerland tel. 41 24 4820 820 fax 41 24 4820 819 sales@magplastic.com www.magplastic.com 800 extra large pet container per hour with a capacity of up to 26.5 l. we respond whatever kind of pet packaging, magplastic has the right solution… interpack 2008 hall 11 booth e03 düsseldorf, germany 24-30 april 2008

Page 34

material / recycling 34 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net overall we are in a situation where the european pet producers have completely lost their bargaining power with pta suppliers on the one hand and with pet converters on another hand. european pta suppliers are much more consolidated and enjoyed their balanced demand/supply posi-tion in 2007. similarly, pet users are quite consolidated, and pet convert-ers use the above-mentioned oversup-ply of pet material to negotiate prices very aggressively. this squeezes the pet manufacturers’ margins from both sides. the increasing price of feed-stock can hardly be passed on to the customer, for whom the most obvi-ous example was a rapid meg price increase after sabic’s supply issues last autumn. pet producers had to absorb a signifi cant portion of this increase as the converters were, at the end of the day, reluctant to compensate pet producers for the increased feedstock cost. petplanet: how do you see euro-pean pet market development in terms of overall demand in 2007 and beyond? bulzgys: we estimate that the overall pet demand in the eu in 2007 reached approximately 2.9 mil-lion tonnes. net imports were slightly below 0.4 million tonnes, which is 14% down on the 2006 fi gures. therefore, the sales by local european producers should have reached about 2.6 million tonnes, which means that the average plant utilisation rate of eu producers was around 80%. we estimate that the european pet market grew by at least 3%-4% in 2007, which is signifi cantly below the industry expectations. the light-weighting of pet packaging affects the market growth. the increased use of recycled pet also has some impact. however, we consider it as the “green” declarations of various brand owners and pet converters rather than a real break-through here. because of strict eu food contact regulations the supply of recycled pet for bottle production remains very limited. it will take time for the eu recycling industry and waste collection systems to solve a wide range of technological and other issues before a suffi cient supply of high quality recycled pet material becomes avail-able. we do not see any reasons for a signifi cant growth in pet demand in the eu market in the next few years. of course, the situation may change if some new pet applications develop, but this will take time to materialise or to signifi cantly affect the overall market growth. petplanet: do asian and middle eastern producers pose a real long-term threat to the european pet industry? bulzgys: we do see asian and middle eastern producers as a seri-ous threat, now and in the future. the manufacturers in those countries have certain conversion cost advantages and new plants can be built effectively, and integrated with feedstock plants to eliminate signifi cant transport costs. these are the fair competitive advan-tages to which the european producers should respond by optimising their cost base, especially related to overheads, sales and marketing. in addition, new pet production facilities in europe should also be integrated, or very close to feedstock plants and much closer to the large pet converters. however, we are also witnessing many examples of unfair competi-tion. some producers receive export subsidies or other government support, and some sell below cost following an irrational build-up of capacity. in some countries pet production looks more like a state-sponsored social program than a business competing in a free market environment. to prevent such unfair competition pet producers have initiated anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures through the plastic europe association. it was approved by the eu commission several years ago and fur-ther extended in 2007 as the violations became more than obvious. the environmental impacts of human activity are becoming increas-ingly important and pet is no excep-tion. if we allow the destruction of the european pet industry by unfair competition, it would also mean the destruction of successfully developing post-consumer pet collection and the recycling industry. unfortunately, there are no effective economic or fi scal measures that would have any real infl uence on the environmental effects of the growth of imports due to ship-ping the product between continents as we see today. but we can say that the most environmentally friendly set-up is: local pet production – local conver-sion – local recycling. petplanet: how do you see the european pet industry developing in the near future? bulzgys: slow market growth, over-capacity, low margins, many small companies - all this will drive further industry consolidation during the next 2-3 years. i would predict the emergence of 3 or 4 big play-the neo group, based in lithuania, is a major european producer of pet resin, and is part of retal industries.

Page 35

material / recycling 35 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 ers, vertically integrated groups, both up-stream (pta) and down-stream (converters), perhaps with a grow-ing interest in recycling. in my view, it is the most effective structure which responds to emerging competitive issues and environmental concerns. well-managed vertical integration should allow more effective over-all value creation in the pet supply chain. this should also be attractive to shareholders and other fi nance pro-viders as it would signifi cantly mitigate the unpredictable variability of earn-ings and ensure a healthy return on capital invested. perhaps, the group created by artenius in recent years is the fi rst evidence of such a trend. petplanet: is the neo group going to play an active role in shaping the future of europe’s pet industry? bulzgys: neo group is a part of retal industries down-stream integrated pet group. the group was acquired by one of the largest ukrainian industrial/fi nancial groups at the end of 2007 - a group that plays a leading role in a wide range of business sectors, including banking, refi ning, packaging and food industries. the new share-holders believe in the attractive-ness of the european pet market in the future. therefore, we are going to be one of the major drivers in the consolidation and restructur-ing of that market. petplanet: when can we expect the fi rst steps in this direc-tion? bulzgys: we continue with the analysis of both - the pet pro-ducers and the converters - and are actively looking for attractive acquisition targets. for instance, the neo group actively partici-pated in the competitive bidding for eastman assets (rotterdam and workington plants) last summer, however due to the process of the change of title, we were not in a position to pursue the deal aggres-sively enough and thus lost this ‘battle’ to indorama. the neo group also possesses zimmer pet resin production equipment with a nameplate capac-ity of 154,000 tonnes/year. the equip-ment is currently stored in klaipeda (lithuania) and the company has yet to decide where the equipment will be assembled, so one of the options is to keep the further expansion of the existing neo group plant in klaipeda. the fi nal decision will be taken after the lithuanian parliament vote on the issue of whether or not to expand the territory of the klaipeda free economic zone (kfez). the indo-rama plant, our closest competitor, is located within the kfez and enjoys certain fi scal advantages, putting the neo group investment in a disadvan-tageous position. unless the positive outcome of this dispute is achieved and approved by the parliament, we will realise our investment plans in another eastern european country with more favourable treatment of new investments. the new shareholders are cur-rently planning investment projects for further up-stream integration of the group. however, it is too early to reveal any further details at this stage. petplanet: thank you very much, mr bulzgys, for a fascinating insight into your group and the resin market. y o u r pa r t n e r f o r b l o w m o u l d s . benef i t of 30 years of exper ience in blow mould manufactur ing! sidel • sig • krones • sipa • mag • ads • kosme • nissei a. o. röders gmbh / scheibenstr. 6 / 29614 soltau / germany / www.roeders.de telephone 49 5191-603-53 / fax 49 5191-603-36 / e-mail mold@roeders.de for our subsidiaries in china, usa and latin america please check our website. pet stretch blow moulds

Page 36

bottle making 36 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net pet bottles from down under in australia packaging in cartons or pet means visypak. with, as an exam-ple, a 90 percent market share in the pet beverage packaging sector none of the 20 million inhabitants in that country of 7,686,850 square kilometres can miss visy. we spoke to brandon chandulal, general manager of the visy packaging divi-sion and responsible for the production and marketing of aluminium beverage cans, beverage cartons under licence from sig combibloc and elopack, and two-stage pet beverage bottles. to be able to offer all options in terms of beverage packaging chan-dulal would need glass bottles, and single stage pet equipment, but he is quite happy to do without those. when we visited the plant to the west of sydney for the fi rst time 6 years ago there was no sign of visy. at that time the pet plant belonged to the coca-cola licensee amatil. however, very shortly afterwards amatil sold their whole bottle production, and the plant, to visy. “that was a very tough time. it took us two years to combine the pet operations of visy. today we are mainly concentrated on preform production here in the old amatil plant, and we produce bottles australia-wide ,” said chandulal, look-ing back on the early days. a lot was taken over from amatil, with some things being fundamentally reorganised. the existing husky equip-ment continued to be used for central preform production for the whole of australia in sydney. the decentralised bottle-blowing facilities, at times as much as 4000 kilometres away, as in perth, and closer to the clients, was also retained. whilst amatil blew the pet bottles in their own bottling shops visy quickly switched to blowing in their own local plants. “blowing bottles for one fi ller we could economically use a maximum of only 12 cavities. in our own plant we can run machines up to 24 cavities. in a high wage economy like australia that has an immedi-ate impact on the bottle price,” said chandulal. when converting the sbm machinery visy turned to krones for help.

Page 37

brandon chandulal (left), gerneral manager of the visy packaging division, and alexander büchler, petplanet insider bottle making 37 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net the main plant in sydney was also extended. whereas production and warehousing originally covered 20,000 square metres today they cover 30,000 square metres. purely as a result of this production upscaling and rationalisation the sell-ing price of the bottle to the fi ller has fallen by 25% in the last 5 years. visy are in an almost monopolistic manufac-turing position in australia but sell the bottles at competitive world prices. “we cannot, and do not want to take advan-tage of our monopolistic position here to charge higher prices. our customers can, in any case, easily compare world prices for comparable projects” says chandulal. i did however get the feeling that a certain advantage was being taken of the monopolistic position. it sur-prised me to see that csd bottles and simple water bottles were still being produced exclusively with the costly 28mm pco neck fi nish, designed for carbonated drinks. when i asked chandulal about this he smiled and explained that coca-cola buy their own pet resin worldwide and visy only charge for bottle manufacture. with such a relatively small amount of bottled water the material savings would not bear any relationship to the cost of switching to a different neck fi nish. if that were not the case then the only end-to-end vision inspection system in the world. 29200 aurora road cleveland, ohio 44139 usa if you need a fully-integrated pet container vision inspection system, able to cover your whole process from start to finish, pressco is the only solution. our reliable, proven systems are ideal for inspection at various process stages including preforms, bottle blowing, filling, closures and labeling. — call or email us at — 1 440 498 2600 sales@pressco.com www.pressco.com amatil would already have ordered a cheaper water neck fi nish. this brings us to the secret of visy’s success. “standardisation” is the magic word. on the one hand the bottlers want a whole range of differ-ent bottle designs and on the other hand they have to be produced on similar equipment. so the 50 to 100 different bottle shapes are produced from only 15 different preforms. they produce only 28mm necks, and 38mm for hot-fi ll. but even here, whilst the hot-fi ll bottles for tea and coffee are produced on hot-fi ll sbm machines, 38mm juice bottles are blown on the same equipment - stan-dardisation! with the big names as their clients there were no thoughts in the early days for visy to develop their own bottles. the brand-owners were quite capable of doing that for themselves, and yet there has been a steadily increasing market demand for such bottles. in the middle of last year the company decided to enter into an agreement with graham. now visy can turn to graham, with their many years of bottle design experience, and graham can take advantage of visy’s many years of production know-how. a classic win-win situation.

Page 38

bottling / filling 38 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net pet-asept for still and for the stretch blow moulder - the machine consuming the most energy - franken brunnen uses the air wizard system with air recovery. in 2001 franken brunnen was one of the fi rst german mineral water and soft drinks producers to install a second-generation krones pet-asept line at its headquarters in neustadt a. d. aisch. now the company is investing in a further cold aseptic line for its facility in eilenburg near leipzig. pet . there’s also an incipient trend towards specially shaped containers and packs. we have a keen interest in further strengthening our own brands. and this we do on the packaging side of things by pursuing a variety of dif-ferent types and shapes of container, and different sizes of pallet”, said a company spokesman. to meet the rising demand for non-returnables while simultaneously satisfying the more stringent quality requirements from the market, franken brunnen once again opted for pet-asept. the line at eilenburg fi lls min-eral water and carbonated beverages in non-aseptic mode, and spritzers, tea-based beverages or yoghurt-based mixed drinks of the “mabella” range in aseptic mode. franken brunnen runs production on a cross-facility basis and is therefore also able to cover seasonal peaks with the new, high-output line. the new line is once again a krones pet-asept line, but is now a third generation line with a much reduced sterile enclosure and varaibel fi lling options. the line can also be run in non-aseptic mode. this contract covered a 40,000 bph fi lling line and the entire process technology involved. ileburger sachsen quelle mineral waters in 1991, shortly after german reunifi cation, franken brunnen bought the köhler beverage business in eilen-burg near leipzig, and in 1996 built a new production facility on a greenfi eld site. it is here that franken brunnen produces not only the ileburger sach-sen quelle brand “active”, “medium”, “mild” and “natural” mineral waters but also lemonades, spritzers and other carbonated beverages. the traditional ileburger range has been expanded over recent years to include rtd tea (ileburger tee-olé), near water (sport active, wellness relax and body bal-ance), plus fl avoured water (ileburger früchtchen). the line was run exclusively on the basis of refi llable bottles, and was given a boost when the german packaging regulations came into force, requiring all pet bottles (even single trip bottles) to be returned to the fi lling company. however the refi llable boom soon calmed down. “the trend is towards falling quanti-ties of glass, in favour of pet , and here in particular in favour of non-returnable the third generation pet-asept line offers fl exible fi lling options: mineral waters and csds can be bottled in non-aseptic mode, and spritzers, tea-based beverages or yoghurt-based mixed drinks (“mabella” range) in aseptic mode.

Page 39

bottling / filling 39 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net carbonated beverages integrated into an existing hall the new cold aseptic line was inte-grated into the existing large bottling hall, right between a combined glass/ pet line and the existing line for return-able pet . the bottles, blow-moulded in a contiform s24, are passed to the aseptic block by means of an air con-veyor. the pet-asept line, featuring injector, isolator, rinser, fi ller and capper, has been accommodated in a small cleanroom enclosure. the caps are dis-infected in an immersion bath. after careful automatic inspection the fi lled bottles are passed to the pron-tomodule labeller, to which a contiroll station can be added. here, they are dressed with a wrap-around label and then passed on to a tray shrink-wrap-per. finally the shrink-wrapped packs are loaded onto pallets and stretch-wrapped by a pressant 2n twin pal-letiser. including the latest state of the art for process technology this compact-size layout incorpo-rates the entire process technology, making optimum use of the space available and featuring a varioclean cip system, an aquaasept sterile-water uht , a varioasept fl ash pasteuriser, buffer tanks, sterile-steam generators, a hygiene centre and a contifl ow mixer. the experience gained with the fi rst cold-aseptic line in neustadt in regard to process engineering and process sequences has all been factored into the concept for this new line. “here in eilenburg, we’ve installed the latest state of the art, and are therefore confi dent that we’ll be able to run a cold-aseptic production process without any problems”, is the company’s fi rm conviction. “admittedly, validation of a cold-aseptic line takes a whole lot more time and work as compared to the pro-cedure for a normal line. here, abso-lutely everything has to be checked. validation doesn’t simply mean micro-biology, it also means that every screw, every cable, every function, every data exchange routine has to qualify for approval. one thing’s clear: we need zero per cent deviation for the microbi-ology, so as to be able to run a reliable bottling operation while dispensing with preservatives.” the validation routine for the line was successfully completed in 2007. holistic thinking in addition to the line documenta-tion system (lds), franken brunnen also had the new line management system (lms) installed in this line, and integrated into its in-house it system. this specifi cally developed, high-availability database system ena-bles a reliable fl ow of all the requisite product and operational data from and to the cold aseptic. franken brunnen also acknowl-edge the need for properly-trained, dependable personnel: “when you’re creating a line like this, specialists are just as important as people with a more holistic way of thinking. what’s involved in the fi nal analysis is to turn a krones line into a franken brun-nen line, which means that our own staff have to be able to run it. plan-ning for the packaging variants entails changed requirements for staffi ng, with higher qualifi cations.” various criteria inspected by a checkmat. a prontomodule labeller is used at franken brunnen

Page 40

trade show preview 40 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net interpack 2 0 0 8 the interpack exhibition in düsseldorf takes place every 3 years and is billed as the world’s biggest pack-aging exhibition. this year the show takes place from april 23rd to 30th, and will certainly be the biggest inter-pack ever. spread across 19 halls the exhibition will fi ll the düsseldorf trade fair center to capacity, and, launched in 1958, will this year celebrate its 50th anniversary. 2,700 exhibitors from 59 countries will be presenting their wares to the trade visitors, who num-bered in excess of 176,000 at the 2005 event. in this exhibition preview we have tracked down details of some of the exhibitors that will be of interest to pet users and processors. integrated solutions for beverage production sacmi hall 8a, stand e03 with an exhibition area of over 1000 m 2 sacmi will be displaying all of their latest beverage bottling innovations, including a complete compression moulding line for caps line made by sacmi imola, and incorporating a vision system for on-line quality control. used worldwide, compression technol-ogy offers clear opportunities for those in the highly competitive business of plastic caps for drinks. in the closures & containers section the spotlight will be on pam technol-ogy: an acronym for preform advanced moulding, a compression moulding system that revolutionises pet preform production and can produce 27,000 23g preforms per hour. every day – from 10.30 to 17.00 – the sacmi stand will be organising presentations of pam. sacmi filling will be exhibiting the volo-mas, a machine for fi lling pet bot-tles with still or sparkling products. featuring electronic volumetric technol-ogy, output rates of up to 30,000 bph (1.5 litres) are achieved. other sacmi products on show of interest to pet users will include the new opera 400 modul 22t labeller. shrink packer and stretch blow moulder smi group hall 14, stand d06/d12 highlights of the smi stand will be the new sk 600 t shrink wrapper and the sr 8 stretch blow moulding machine with fully integrated control unit and reduced spacing of the preforms in the oven. the sk 600 t runs at up to 60 cycles per minute and can handle the widest range of package types. the new ts tray stacking device, which is incorpo-rated in the sk 600 t, allows plastic, metal or glass containers to be packed on trays and stacked in two or more layers. the sr 8 sbm machine will run at up to 1,800 bottles per cavity per hour and produces pet or pp containers up to 3 litres in capacity. the new, integrated control unit reduces the footprint of the machine and the reduced spacing in the preform oven boosts output by 20%. filling sensitive beverages sidel hall 13, stand b15/c15 flavoured waters, juices, nectars, isotonic drinks, teas and liquid dairy prod-ucts are extremely popular, and sidel will unveil its latest aseptic packaging solutions for this market sector, putting a premium on product safety. reducing consumption - of raw materials, energy, water and chemicals - has become a major concern in the beverage industry. part of sidel’s booth will be dedicated to breakthrough solutions created to address to these concerns. these include the “nobottle” which uses up to 40% less pet and predis, sidel’s unique dry preform decontamination technology, that uses few chemicals and no water. options and upgrades kits enable manufactur-ers to improve existing equipment with solutions offering signifi cant water or energy savings. without investment in new equipment, producers can reduce their existing equipment’s impact on the environment. finally, another area of the booth will showcase innovative end of line solu-tions, with robot layer packers and the elettric 80 laser guided vehicle.

Page 41

trade show preview 41 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net

Page 42

trade show preview 42 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net small capacity bottles bekum hall 5, stand d37 the “tandem blow” process developed by bekum is increasingly proving to be a technology ideally suited to the trend towards small drinking yoghurt bottles, such as actimel etc.the compact bm-series (bm 206 / 506) can be operated using the “tandem blow” process. the output from a single or twin machine can be doubled this way (i.e. an increase in capacity of 100%) and can be offered by bekum as a retrofi t. small bottles for convenient consump-tion of milk-based drinks, sport drinks, juices and func-tional drinks for all age groups, with contents ranging from 100 to 300 ml, are currently very popular. “tandem blow” systems achieve an output of more than 100 million con-tainers per year of this type. pet bottles and the “world of communication” greiner hall 7 (2), stand c26 / c38 packaging supplier greiner of kremsmünster, austria, offers a wide range of pet containers for beverages and liquid foods under the kavo banner, as well as a bespoke design and manufacturing service. the theme at interpack will be communication, reaching from the promotional message conveyed by the pet bottle, through innovative packaging solutions and solution-oriented communication with clients, to the close partnership that can be estab-lished via the group’s european network. the key aspects for greiner are “creativity”, “sustainability”, “consultancy” and “technology”.

Page 43

trade show preview 43 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net value added bottling: our unique product and service portfolio and value proposition for the development, manufacturing, barrier coating and aseptic filling of plastic bottles combined, deliver the lowest bottle cost. cutting-edge technology and production safety from a single source with highest efficiency and minimum total cost of ownership. sig corpoplast sig plasmax sig asbofill alue added bottling we are looking forward to seeing you! 24 – 30 april düsseldorf, germany hall 13 • booth a89 www.sig.biz value-added bottling sig beverages hall 13, stand a89 sig corpoplast (blow moulding), sig plasmax (barrier coat-ings) and sig asbofi ll (aseptic fi lling) will be together at inter-pack showing their expertise in pet packaging, especially for sensitive products such as juices and dairy products. “value-added bottling” is the concept that binds the three companies. with its “bottles & shapes” solutions corpoplast is able to develop bottles that both match the customer’s requirements and boast the lowest weights that can techni-cally be achieved. the modular blomax stretch blow mould-ing machines score well in terms of their economy in energy consumption for air and heating requirements. with plasmax technology sig can offer completely transparent barrier solu-tions for all relevant sectors of the food and beverage indus-try. the resultant pet container is 100% recyclable. asbofi ll is synonymous with fl exible, linear aseptic fi lling machines for the pet and hdpe sectors. the machines are characterised by the minimal amount of space required for the aseptic zone (just 0.9 m). tray packers, shrink packers khs hall 5, stand g 37/j 38 with the innopack kisters “advanced” tray shrink packer khs will be showing a completely redesigned, and in many aspects more refi ned, packaging machine in the modular product series. the new advanced line, which in the future will also cover the shrink packer, pad shrink packer, and wrap-around packer, features a uniform design for modular packaging technology starting with outputs of 35 cycles/ minute and going up to 135 cycles/minute. the versatility of the advanced range means that integration of additional equipment, such as leafl et inserters, partition inserters, tray staplers, etc., is possible, as is conversion of existing technol-ogy for newly defi ned task areas. together with the introduction of the new advanced line, khs will showcase a new generation of shrink tunnels, which in addition to the usual electrical operation can also be operated economically and ecologically with gas. depending on loca-tion, the user can save up to 50 percent on power costs and reduce co 2 emissions by up to 60 percent. the new innopack kisters wp 030 wrap-around packer, designed especially for entry-level and medium output ranges in the food, beverage, and non-food sectors, will be on dis-play at interpack.

Page 44

trade show preview 44 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net optimised shrink-wrap quality krones hall 16, stand b45/d38 the variopac pro non-returnables packer on show at interpack will include a new shrink tunnel generation featuring a shaft-wall design. for two-lane handling a shaft wall in the form of a perforated hollow chamber has now been inserted in the middle of the tunnel between the two packs, producing a direct fl ow of hot air onto the packs in order to ensure a very high-quality shrink-wrap result. energy consumption is reduced by about 20 per cent compared to the machine technology previously in common use. at the exhibition the variopac pro will be packing ultra-lightweight pet containers in ultra-thin fi lm. the recently premiered 0.5 litre pet container, weigh-ing only 8.8 grams is packed in a shrink-pack using a pet fi lm only 25 μm thick. just about as light as one can get. also to be showcased on the krones stand are the new single-column palletising robot for the high speed sector and the robobox for fast and reliable grouping of non-returnable packs - a compact-sized, versatile unit for pack turning and distribution. optical quality control systems bbull technology group hall 11, stand g42 bbull is an internationally active company spe-cialising in control systems, and automatic sort-ing and distribution systems for the food and beverage industry. the universal image proces-sor “stratec image” can be installed as single or multiple camera system for monitoring the fi ll level plus the labelling and capping of contain-ers. the “centro dual sorter” sorts and dis-tributes product packages, such as multipacks or crates, directing them down the appropriate conveyor line. robotic handling, sorting and order collating schaefer hall 13, stand a47/b48 schaefer specialises in palletising/depalle-tising systems, robotic handling and sorting. this includes crate unloading and sorting such at the system installed at the erdinger weissbräu brewery, which handles up to 1,500 crates per hour and features the multirob robot palletiser/depalletiser - a highlight of the schaefer exhibit. packorganiser is a fully automatic order collating system with a capacity of 3,500 packages per hour. it fi lls customer orders by picking and palletising up to 4 different products per layer. the system includes the multirob s palletiser with patternbuilder technology. a recent addition to the schaefer range is the qualipal ii pallet testing system to ensure the integrity of pallets destined for use in high bay warehouses. the system recognises numerous defects and rejects faulty pallets.

Page 45

trade show preview 45 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net mattop conveyor chain rexnord hall 13, stand c40 rexnord will be show-ing several innovations in conveying technology. the company has developed a new version of the well known supergrip 1005 series, the sg 1005 tcf, which they claim is the best available belt for metering and break conveyors for return-able crates. tcf stands for tough composite friction top. the light grey coloured material has proven to be two to three times more wear resistant than acetal in specifi c applications. tcf belts have stainless steel pins, to offer maximum resistance to elongation (wear of hinge and pin). the robust design and high strength meet the most demanding applications in beverage and packaging applications. the high friction elastomer surface and the special design of the rubber make them perfectly suitable for crate handling and packages on inclined, declined and metering conveyors. special purpose blowing machines magplastic s.a. hall 11, stand e03 the swiss company mag-plastic manufactures stretch blow moulding machines and, as well as machines for conventional bottles, has carved out a niche market for the manufacture of special bottles and bottles with complex shapes. one of the machines being featured at interpack is the slc-02/25 which is used to blow 5 gallon single-trip bottles for hod (home and offi ce deliv-ery) water dispensers. a very light pet bottle can be produced at a very competitive cost offering a realistic alternative to the conventional, refi llable pc bottles. with an output rate of up to 800 bottles per hour the slc-02/25 is already being used for the effi cient production ofl arge pet containers. beverage caps bericap hall 10, stand e67 bericap will show a variety of new closure concepts for the food and beverage industry. lightweighting of closures is a strong trend due to the increased cost of resin. the supershorty crown, or csd design for carbonated beverages, combined with the pco 1881 neck offers up to 2 g weight saving. the range of hexalite closures for still water fi ts the 26 and 29/25 lightweight neck standards for water. lightweight closures for pco 1881 (28 mm) and sports caps complete the product portfolio for bever-ages in pet . the company will also show the lightweight, galileo ii 2-piece fl ip-top closure for edible oil and vinegar.

Page 46

46 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net petproducts new natural look for pj smoothies one of today’s most popular natural fruit-based drink ranges, pj smoothies, recently received a label ‘makeover’ courtesy of label printers adare and avery dennison’s fasson global co-ex self-adhesive fi lms. pj smoothies were the original bottled smoothie drinks, dating back to 1994, and today enjoy a 33% share of the uk smoothies market. the new label design, by landor associates, is described by pj as “funky”. different colous identify the 12 fl avour variants for the 250ml single-serve pet bottles. adare chose fasson global co-ex self-adhesive fi lm for the labels, because of its “high-performance print substrate that also delivers accurate, high-speed label dispensing”. the label material is topcoated for optimum print-ability and uses fasson s692n permanent adhesive. the self-adhesive laminate is designed to deliver conformability, high-speed dispensing, accurate label posi-tioning, and good adhesion. pet closure with built-in dental care micro mobility systems ag based in küsnacht, switzerland, develops products that are tailored to the needs of mobile people and which also make an impor-tant contribution to their health – products like the super cap plastic closure for pet bottles, which offers dental care as an extra. the mobile society – a phenomenon of our time – has a penchant for eating and drinking on the move. for this reason, there is an ever-increasing demand for food and drink that is suitable for consumption on the go, and according to trend researchers, this predilection for on-the-go products will be even more signifi cant in future. the importance of brushing one’s teeth after eating and drinking is the reason that micro mobility systems ag developed the patented super cap. it contains a separate, transparent chamber to hold a piece of dental chewing gum. according to company founder wim ouboter, “with super cap we subtly draw attention to the fact that dental care is very important after the consumption of certain beverages”. and besides keeping teeth healthy, super cap also offers marketing benefi ts. the chewing gum is clearly visible in the chamber of the transparent lid and fulfi ls the same function as an on-pack promotion. the cap design conforms to the pco 28 standard, and so fi ts most widely-used drinks bottles. super cap can also be used on modern high speed fi lling lines. airpack - 20 years in pet compressors wolfgang schreier, the founder of airpack gmbh, came into contact with pet over 30 years ago as product manager for reciprocating compressors with one of the world’s leading compressor manufacturers. ten years later he used his knowledge and experience to set up his own business, helping fi rst-time users of pet 40 bar reciprocating compressors. ten years ago his son michael also joined the company. airpack today offers a wide range of pet compressor related equipment and services. these include new and used compressors for pet applications. used equipment is fully refurbished and supplied under war-ranty. pet compressors of different makes are acquired and installed in line with the client’s requirements and guidance is given on after-sales running costs, which today is an important aspect. airpack also offers an extensive consumable parts service for most of the world’s leading makes of 40 bar compressor.

Page 47

products 47 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net high-speed system for lightweight water caps the recently-developed husky system for production of lightweight water closures is said to offer better economics in combination with a unique safety feature that improves the tamper-evidence capability of the closure. the hylectric 400 system that husky have used to demon-strate the system will produce in excess of 1900 closures per minute, making it the most productive closure system on the market today. the hdpe water closure in question weighs less than 1.8 grams. by combining corvaglia’s patent pending break the leak (btl) technology and husky’s lightweighting capabilities, the closures have both superior tamper evidence protection and reduced part weight. the system features new control algorithms to reduce cycle time and an enhanced screw connection to manage the higher plasticising rates. norgren has over 15 years experience as full-line supplier of pneumatic equipment for stretch blow moulding (sbm) machines. norgren sbm product range: » blowing valve blocks » actuators » compensation valves » cooling valves » air recovery valves » silencers cooling valve optimisation of your heat set process norgren‘s stretch blow moulding technology can make all the difference for more details visit www.norgren.com/sbm or e-mail to sbmproducts@norgren.com pvc-free pet fl akes by hamos clean pet fl akes are a valuable raw material, but even very low amounts of pvc can contaminate the pet and make it unsuitable for high-grade applications – such as new pet bottles. it is diffi cult to separate pvc from pet. float/sink separation in conventional equipment does not work because the difference between the densities of pet and pvc is too small. separation of entire bottles with the aid of nir technologies or manual sorting does not work one hundred percent. the eks-pet electrostatic separator used by hamos sepa-rates practically all of the pvc from shredded, washed and dried pet fl akes and produces a clean pet fraction. the material is electrically charged - the pet particles take on a positive charge and the pvc particles a negative one. after charging, the pvc particles are separated electro-statically. ampacet amber masterbatches for pharmaceuticals ampacet, a leading masterbatch supplier, has developed two amber masterbatches for the grade of pet used for pharmaceutical prescription bottles. these grades, ampacet 681725-pt and 681726-pt, allow moulders to colour pet in their own facilities rather than relying on pre-coloured resin. both masterbatches meet the strict lightfast-ness, uv protection, clarity, colour, extractability and other requirements set for pharmaceutical bottles and are both built around ampacet’s formula x pet technology, which eliminates the need for predrying and so allows for feeding at the extruder throat and lower energy demand. this tech-nology also improves productivity by reducing such mould-ing issues as screw slippage and feed-throat clogging.

Page 48

48 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net petbottles monitor wall thickness and material distribution on every container identify production shifts and distribution problems as they happen identify and remove containers with random defects reduce blowmolder downtime and product rework pet wall plus systems in-the-blowmolder quality and process control for more information contact: agr international, inc. tel: (1) 724-482-2163 fax: (1) 724-482-2767 e-mail: sales@agrintl.com www.agrintl.com t opwave now available... bottle performance software for managing shelf-life and material utilization “drive” in a bottle according to the german beverage manufacturer hassia of bad vibel, after enjoying the taste of their new drink “rosbach drive” motorists are focussed for 35 % longer than they are with a classic cola drink. the beverage, made from grapes, pomegranate and caffeine, increases levels of awareness and helps speed up reaction times. it is sold in a 750 ml refi llable pet bottle designed to look similar to a glass bottle. a wrap-around foil label and tamper evident screw-cap nicely fi nish off the package. apple-shaped bottle “booul de fruits“ is the name given by the french compa-ny beverage international from levalllois-perret to their 330 ml pet bottle shaped like an apple. a shrink-sleeve label in suitable colours and an apple leaf hanging from the bottle complete this striking pet package. cleopatra in pet the french cosmetics manufacturer cadum of paris is selling a 500 ml pack of cleopatra bath and shower milk in a beauti-fully designed gold-tinted pet bottle. the look of the golden shrink-sleeve label is reinforced by a colour-coordinated snap-on closure. the bottle’s handy shape also makes this premium package easy to grip. black pet for spices the german company easy gourmet gmbh of wiesbaden market their spray-on liquid spices, such as chilli/ginger, natural garlic, or wild garlic, in a tall, slim 150 ml pet container with a snap-on spray pump. the container is enhanced by a stylish metallised wrap-around label and is topped by a transparent overcap. at the point-of-sale the overcap is held in place by a shrink sleeve with perforations to make it easy to remove by the consumer. the products contain no preservatives or artifi cial fl avourings.

Page 49

bottles 49 petplanet insider vol. 8 no. 03/07 www.petpla.net save on costs! spare parts for compressors (all makes) suction and delivery valves (new reconditioned) ptfe (teflon) piston rings piston rod packing / reconditioning suction filter elements filter elements airpack gmbh kompressoren-systeme gnadentaler allee 34 . d-41468 neuss tel. 02131/ 52357-0 . fax 02131/ 52357-29 internet: www.airpack.de e-mail: airpackgmbh@t-online.de mold & hotrunner technology more productive. dr . ruben-rausing-str . 7 d-65239 hochheim/main tel. 49 (0) 6146-906-0 www.mht-ag.de up to 50% more productivity - reduced cycle times - reduced downtime. these are the impressive results of a more intelligent approach to preform mold tool de-sign by mht mold & hotrunner technology ag. reduced resin usage, more efficient cooling circuits, improved hot runner performance, reduced-pitch cavities and an overall compact design - all so much more intelligent! mix & match better preform quality and shorter cycles! intelligent customer solutions. save weight pco low thread solutions! easy mold conversions. pet molds 96 cavities for 350to machines! pitch 60x120 for 38mm threads.

Page 50

50 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net buyer’sguide entries from 5,70 euro/mm, call 49-6221-65108-0 1.0 materials mfc commodities plastics & chemicals trade, finance & logistics for pet resin & preforms mfc commodities gmbh millennium tower, 21st fl oor handelskai 94-96 a - 1200 vienna, austria tel.: 43 1 240 25 117 fax: 43 1 240 25 263 offi ce@mfc-commodities.com www.mfc-commodities.com 1.1 materials for bottle and cap production clariant masterbatches (italia) s.p.a. via lainate, 26 20010 pogliano milanese (mi) italy tel 39.02.9918.7558 fax 39.02.9918.7552 italy.mb.marketing@clariant.com http://mb.clariant.it pet regranulate food and non-food quality 43-2622-43333-0 www.petrecyclingteam.at 1.1.9 additives and colorants americhem europe ltd cawdor street eccles, manchester m30 0qf, uk tel: 44 (0)161 789 7832 fax: 44 (0)161 787 7832 email: psumner@americhem.com americhem inc 2000 americhem way cuyahoga falls oh 44221 tel: 1(800) 228 3476 fax: 1(330) 929 4144 email: dcroley@americhem.com holland colours nv p .o. box 720 7300 as apeldoorn, netherlands 0031-55 3680700 0031-55 3662981 info@hollandcolours.com www.hollandcolours.com colormatrix europe ltd. 9-15 unity grove, knowsley 134 9gt, great britain tel. 0044-151-632-8800 fax 0044-151-548-3800 info@colormatrix.co.uk www.colormatrix.co.uk 1.2 packaging components and accessories luzerner straße 11 postfach 749 ch-6330 cham 1 tel.: 41 (0) 417843070 fax: 41 (0) 417843079 pet jars/bottles 20-7000ml 18-110mm necks info@petpackaging.ch 1.2.1 preforms pet preforms and closures intergulf ltd. (empol) khalid seaport p .o.box 6131, sharjah, u.a.e. tel. 009716 502 9244 / 9246 fax. 009716 528 5720 empol@iffco.com www.empol.com pdg plastiques f-45330 malesherbes - france tel. 00 33 2 38 34 61 95 info@pdg-plastiques.com www.pdg-plastiques.com 1.2.2 bottles 1.2.3 labels 1.2.4 caps and closures bericap gmbh & co. kg kirchstr. 5 d - 55257 budenheim germany tel. 49 (6139) 2902 0 fax 49 (6139) 2902 181 info.germany@bericap.com www.bericap.com idsteiner strasse 74 d-65527 niedernhausen, germany tel. 49 6127 8954 8850 fax 49 6127 78189 cct-niedernhausen@t-online.de www.cct-gmbh.com www.corvaglia.ch fontana manufacturers 150 maclean street umkomaas, 4170 south africa tel.: 0027 (0) 39 973 2690 fax: 0027 (0) 39 973 1123 www.fontana.co.za sales@fontana.co.za gulf packaging system & 3p co. post box no. 20266 jeddah - 21455 kingdom of saudi arabia telephone 966 (02) 636-0099 fax 966 (02) 635-2111 sales@gulf-pack.com 3p@prime-plastic.com www.gulf-pack.com has plastik san.tic.a.s. esenyurt fabr.yolu no:74 34320 avcilar istanbul turkey tel 90 212 695 50 00 fax 90 212 694 97 24 info@hasplastik.com www.hasplastik.com georg menshen gmbh & co. kg industriestraße 26 d-57413 finnentrop tel.: 49-2721-518 0 fax: 49-2721-518 198 contact@menshen.com www.menshen.com creative dispensing solutions seaquist löffl er gmbh d94078 freyung tel : 49 8551 9750 fax : 49 8551 975 180 info@seaquistclosures.eu www.seaquistclosures.com 2.0 machines and equipment luxber, s.l.u. blowmoulding machinery av. de azorin, 34-36 03440 ibi (alicante) spain tel: 34 965 553 853 fax: 34 965 553 861 www.luxber .com luxber@luxber .com 2.1 preform production (machines and equipment) preliner@arburg.com preform and cap production hong kong tel: 852-2665 3888 fax: 852-2664 8202 marketing@chenhsong.com.hk www.chenhsong.com.hk engel austria gmbh ludwig-engel-straße 1 a-4311 schwertberg tel. 0043-50-620-0 fax 0043-50-620-3009 sales@engel.at www.engelglobal.com

Page 51

petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net buyers guide 51 husky injection molding systems s.a. boite postale 93 3401 dudelange luxembourg tel. 0035-252 115 1 fax 0035-252 115 4458 efery@husky.ca www.husky.ca netstal -maschinen ag tschachenstraße 8752 naefels, switzerland tel. 0041-55-618-6111 fax 0041-55-618-6605 pet@netstal.com www.netstal.com sipa spa via caduti del lavoro, 3 31029 vittorio veneto - italy tel. 390438911511 fax 390438912273 sipa@zoppas.com www.sipa.it 2.2 bottle production (machines and equipment) nissei asb machine co., ltd. 4586-3 koo, komoro-shi, na-gano-ken 384-8585, japan tel. 0081-267-23-1565 fax 0081-267-23-1564 sales@nisseiasb.co.jp www.nisseiasb.co.jp automa spa „one step“ injection-stretch blow moulding and injection blow moulding machines bologna - italy tel. 39-051-739597 fax 39-051-739578 b&g xt model pet blow machines spare parts for sidel , sbo and milacron rhb-5 sales@bgproducts.com norgren ag ventilfabrik postfach 8362 balterswil, switzerland tel 41 71 973 83 00 fax 41 71 973 83 01 sbmproducts@norgren.com www.norgren.com/sbm eugen seitz ag spitalstrasse 204 8623 wetzikon, switzerland phone: 41 44 931 80 80 fax: 41 44 931 80 90 mmeier@seitz.ch www.seitz.ch sig corpoplast gmbh & co. kg meiendorfer str. 203 22145 hamburg deutschland t 49 40 67907-0 f 49 40 67907-100 e-mail: sigcorpoplast@sig.biz www.sigcorpoplast.de sipa spa via caduti del lavoro, 3 31029 vittorio veneto - italy tel. 390438911511 fax 390438912273 sipa@zoppas.com www.sipa.it pet blow moulding machines pet preform & blow moulds www.tisse.net tel:90 542 233 75 78 2.2.1 single stage stretch blow moulding equipment www.petkamold.com info@petkamold.com 2.2.2 two stage stretch blow moulding equipment no.20, lane 74, fuda n. rd., dali city, taichung county 412, taiwan tel. 886-4-2486-5900 fax. 886-4-2486-1013 servers@chumpower.com www.chumpower.com mag-plastic machinery s.a. rue alfred-pot 1 p .o. box 140 ch - 1896 - vouvry (vs) switzerland tel. 0041-24-4820-820 fax 0041-24-4820-819 sales@magplastic.com www.magplastic.com stretch blow molding machines, preform molds & cap molds tel.: 86-576-4066853 fax: 86-576-4020107 info@megamachinery.cn www.megamachinery.cn/english/ www.megamachinery.ca l ’ ametlla del vallès (barcelona-spain) tel: 34 93 846 30 51 fax: 34 93 849 22 11 e-mail: tms@side.es www.side.es urola s.c. 20230 legaz pi, spain tel. 34 943 737003 fax 34 943 730926 legazpi@urola.com www.urola.com 2.2.3 coating systems sig plasmax gmbh meiendorfer str. 203 22145 hamburg deutschland t 49 40 67907-364 f 49 40 67907-353 e-mail: sigplasmax@sig.biz www.sigplasmax.de 2.2.4 compressors atlas copco customer centres worldwide www.atlascopco.com leobersdorfer maschinenfabrik ag (lmf) suedbahnstraße 28, a-2544 leobersdorf, austria tel: 43 2256 9001-0 fax: 43 2256 9002 e-mail: sales@lmf.at www.lmf.at siad macchine impianti s.p.a. via canovine, 2/4 24126 bergamo, italy tel. 39 035 327611 fax 39 035 316131 info@siadmi.com www.siadmi.com 2.2.8 unscramblers lanfranchi srl. via scodoncello, 41 43044 collecchio parma italia tel. 39.0521.541011 fax 39.0521.802149 e-mail: commerciale@lanfranchi.it www.lanfranchi.it

Page 52

52 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net buyer’sguide entries from 5,70 euro/mm, call 49-6221-65108-0 unscramblers, silos and air con-veyors for empty plastic bottles p .o. box 306 08210 barberà del vallès barcelona (spain) tel. 34 93 729 7616 fax 34 93 718 8856 sales@posimat.com www.posimat.com 2.3 cap production (machines and equipment) netstal -maschinen ag tschachenstraße 8752 naefels, switzerland tel. 0041-55-618-6111 fax 0041-55-618-6605 pet@netstal.com www.netstal.com sacmi imola via selice prov. le 17/a 40026 imola bo, italy tel. 0039-0542-607-111 fax 0039-0542-642-354 valentina_gollini@sacmi.it www.sacmi.com 2.4 crate production (machines and equipment) werner koch maschinentechnik gmbh industriestraße 3 75228 ispringen / pforzheim tel.: 49 72 31/80 09 0 fax: 49 72 31/80 09 60 e-mail: info@koch-technik.de www.koch-technik.com 2.5 ancillary equipment for the production of preforms, caps and crates material drying and mould dehumidifi cation eisbär trockentechnik gmbh. a-6840 götzis tel.nr. 0043 5523 55558 0 cool@eisbaer.at www.eisbaer.at green box s.r.l. water chillers - cooling systems tel. 39 049 9703319 fax. 39 049 9701968 info@greenbox.it www.greenbox.it motan gmbh max-eyth-weg 42 88316 isny tel.: 49 7562 76-0 fax: 49 7562 76-111 pettec@motan.com www.motan.com tel. 39 041 57 99 111 sales@piovan.com www.piovan.com 2.5.3 dryers one conair drive pittsburgh, pa 15202 412-312-6000 info@conairgroup.com www.conairgroup.com 2.6 moulds rue du buisson morceau 16100 chateaubernard france tel : 0033 (0)5 45 36 63 50 www.sa-comep.fr accueil@sa-comep.fr demo design and moulds 31020 san vendemiano (tv) - italy tel.: 39 0438 409048 fax: 39 0438 409046 info@designandmoulds.com www.designandmoulds.com www.wtbvc.com preform moulds, components, refurbishments and conversions. highest quality, fastest delivery, lowest cost. united states - 937-898-8460 sales@electraform.com poland - 48-17-860-1020 info@wt.com.pl uk - 44-1623-658-416 sales.europe@wentworthmold.com argentina - 54-11-4753-1111 simkosa@simko.com.ar garrtech inc. 910 arvin avenue stoney creek, ontario l8e 5y8, canada tel. 001-905-643-6414 fax 001-905-643-6422 garrtech@garrtech.com www.garrtech.com molds, change parts, sbm and injection molding machinery for the pet/bioplastics industries 284 pinebush road cambridge ontario canada n1t 1z6 tel: 001-519-624-9720 fax: 001-519-624-9721 info@hallink.com www.hallink.com husky injection molding systems s.a. boite postale 93 3401 dudelange luxembourg tel. 0035-252 115 1 fax 0035-252 115 4458 efery@husky.ca www.husky.ca mel machinefabriek etten-leur b.v. pauvreweg 11 4879 nj etten-leur, netherlands tel. 0031-76-5015655 fax 0031-76-5016532 info@machinefabriek-el.nl www.machinefabriek-el.nl engineering & production of complete isbm tooling sets for aoki, nissei, etc. mht mold & hotrunner technology ag dr. ruben-rausing-str. 7 65239 hochheim/main germany tel. 0049-6146-906-131 fax 0049-6146-906-399 rsteinmetz@mht-ag.de www.mht-ag.de otto hofstetter ag zürcherstrasse 73 8730 uznach, switzerland tel. 41 55 285 22 11 fax 41 55 285 22 44 hofstetter@otto-hofstetter.ch www.otto-hofstetter.ch single step isbm moulds, preform mould change parts, blow moulds for pet pet moulds pvt ltd, india fax 91 44 2225 1285 91 98843 90999 petmoulds@eth.net www.petmoulds.com pmci - sipa division via caduti del lavoro, 3 31029 vittorio veneto - italy tel. 390438911511 fax 390438914495 pmci@zoppas.com www.sipa.it

Page 53

petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net buyers guide 53 polimash ltd. blow moulding equipment and moulds shyrokaya str. 2 14021 chernigov, ukraine tel. 38 0462 67 76 28 fax 38 0462 67 76 29 e-mail: pm@polimash.com.ua www.polimash.com.ua tooling for pet/pla containers – single stage isbm moulds, proprietary genesis hot runner system and blow moulds. r&d tool and engineering ltd hamilton road sutton-in-ashfi eld nottinghamshire, ng17 5ld england tel: 44 1623 556287 fax: 44 1623 552240 sales@rdtool.co.uk www.rdtool.co.uk r&d tool and engineering, inc. 1008 browning street lee’s summit, missouri mo. 64081, usa tel: 1 816 525 0353 fax: 1 816 524 5068 sales@rdtool.com www.rdtool.com röders gmbh scheibenstr. 6 29614 soltau, germany tel. 0049-5191-603-53 fax 0049-5191-603-36 mold@roeders.de www.roeders.de solent mould tools ltd tel: 44 (0) 23 9223 9950 sales@solentmouldtools.co.uk smt americas inc. tel: 1 905 315 9882 smt.americas@cogeco.ca www.solentmouldtools.com tooling preform systems bv moulds & robotics pet-related services & technologies c. houtmanstraat 42 emmen, the netherlands tel 31 (0) 591 679768 fax 31 (0) 591 630616 sales@tps.nl · www.tps.nl www.wtbvc.com blow molds for all technologies, all machine types, all sizes. highest quality, fastest delivery, lowest cost. canada - 905-574-0010 sales@wentworthmold.com poland - 48-81-820-5730 info@wt.com.pl uk - 44-1623-658-416 sales.europe@wentworthmold.com china - 86-137-646-05384 phu@wtbvc.com argentina - 54-11-4753-1111 simkosa@simko.com.ar z-werkzeugbau-gmbh hoechster strasse 8 6850 dornbirn, austria tel. 0043-5572-7272-720 fax 0043-5572-7272-8620 offi ce@z-tooling.com www.z-moulds.com 2.6.1 preform moulds www.petkamold.com info@petkamold.com preform molds & components, hotrunners and blow molds mob.: 91 9820098634 fax: 91 (260) 2668779 www.sachimolds.com sales@sachimolds.com 2.6.2 stretch blow moulds awanti polymoulds pvt. ltd. 25/5a/1/2, nanded, sinhagad rd., pune - 411 041, india telefax: - 91 20 24392805 shirishk@vsnl.com www.awantipolymoulds.com www.petkamold.com info@petkamold.com 3. filling / bottling 3.1 bottle handling and preparation 3.2 beverage preparation 3.3 filling machines 3.3.4 aseptic fi lling lines aseptic fi lling lines 12 route de mamers - bp 46 72402 la ferte bernard cedex tel.: (33) 2 43 60 28 28 fax: (33) 2 43 60 28 39 serac@serac.fr www.serac-group.com sig asbofi ll gmbh jagenbergstr. 1 41468 neuss deutschland t 49 2131 318-601 f 49 2131 318-630 e-mail: info.asbofi ll@sig.biz www.asbofi ll.com 3.4 labellers and capping machines 3.4.1 labelling machinery gernep gmbh benzstraße 6 d-93092 barbing tel: 49 9401/9213-0 fax: 49 9401/9213-29 email: info@gernep.de www.gernep.de 3.5 downstream equipment lanfranchi srl. via scodoncello, 41 43044 collecchio parma italia tel. 39.0521.541011 fax 39.0521.802149 e-mail: commerciale@lanfranchi.it www.lanfranchi.it zecchetti s.r.l. via galileo galilei, 1-1a 42027 montecchio emilia re, italy tel. 0039-0522-867-411 fax 0039-0522-866-034 sales@zecchetti.it www.zecchetti.it 4.0 recycling complete pet recycling plants, fda and pepsico approved, iv increase without pellet-ssp erema gmbh unterfeldstr. 3 4052 ansfelden/linz, austria tel. 0043-732-3190-0 fax 0043-732-3190-23 erema@erema.at www.erema.at pet chemical treatments: cleaners, fl otation compounds and additives via vigevano 61 28069 - san martino di trecate novara - italy tel. 0039-0321789770 fax 0039-0321789765 salesmet@macdermid.com 4.6 melt fi ltration, screen changers gneuß kunststofftechnik gmbh mönichhusen 42 32549 bad oeynhausen tel. 49 5731 5307 10 fax 49 5731 5307 77 gneuss@gneuss.com www.gneuss.com

Page 54

54 petpatents petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net 54 www.verpackungspatente.de entries from 5,70 euro/mm, call 49-6221-65108-0 price of the entry: number of lines x 3,2 mm line height x 5,70 eur entry per issue lonely in space – or plugged in to the world-wide pet community? a few ways to benefi t from petplanet‘s many offers. stay permanently listed in the magazine‘s buyer‘s guide with your company logo and contact information. for only eur 5,70 per mm you can be present among top suppliers of pet processing materials – in every issue of the year. example: 1,824.– eur/year 1 line 3,2 mm heidelberg business media landhausstr. 4 69115 heidelberg, germany tel. 0049-6221-65108-0 fax 0049-6221-65108-28 info@hbmedia.net www.hbmedia.net 32 mm contact ask for your individual offer call 49-6221-65108-0 4.8 complete recycling plants complete pet-recyclingplant „bottle to bottle“; fda for direct food contact; modules „wash“ and „bottle to bottle“ also as stand-alone units available. krones ag böhmerwaldstraße 5 93073 neutraubling germany telefon: 49 9401 70-2751 fax: 49 9401 70-4150 www.krones.com pet recycling technology: recycling extruders with inline ssp (iv increase, food-contact applications) starlinger & co. ges.m.b.h. sonnenuhrgasse 4 at-1060 vienna tel.: 43/1/599 55 0 fax: 43/1/599 55 180 e-mail: sales@starlinger.com www.recycling.starlinger.com 5. other 5.1 laboratory equipment 5.1.2 o 2 barrier measurement non-invasive oxygen/ ph measurement presens gmbh germany info@presens.de tel 49 941 942 72 0 www.presens.de 5.2 pet consultancy and support services machine point consultants, s.l. parque tecnológico de boecillo edifi cio c.e.e.i. - 2.01 e-47151 valladolid (spain) tel.: 34 983 549 900 fax: 34 983 549 901 pet@machinepoint.com pet.machinepoint.com 5.3 contract manufacturers 5.3.2 suppliers of custom designed bottles p .e.t. engineering srl via olivera 42/44 31020 san vendemiano (tv) tel 39 0438 403069 fax 39 0438 408420 www.petengineering.com info@petengineering.com stable base registered design de 202007011803 u1 applicant: krones ag, neutraubling (d) date: 21.8.2007 the base design and the process for manufacturing a plas-tic bottle are described. the shape and the reinforcement ribs run smoothly from the injection point at the centre of the base to the sides of the bottle without interruption. shaped pet bottle european patent granted no. ep 1177983 b1 applicant: yugen kaisha task force, tokyo (jp) date of application: 27.4.2007 the concept and design for the produc-tion of a shaped pet bottle made from a preform. the base area has ribs to allow for a pressure drop. base shape for a pet bottle european patent granted no. ep 1645515 b1 applicant: sidel partici-pations, octeville-sur-mer (fr) date of application: 5.10.2004 to improve the stability and rigidity of a plastic bottle, stretch blow moulded from a preform, the shape of the base as de-scribed is recommended.

Page 55

patents 55 petplanet insider vol. 9 no. 04/08 www.petpla.net child-proof closure international patent no. wo 2006 / 098559 a1 applicant: hee kwon roo, kyeongki-do (kr) date of application: 6.3.2006 a child-proof closure for a container. only by press-ing down and twisting at the same time can the cap be removed from the container. the fi rst time that the con-tainer is opened a freshness seal is broken. stable bottle european patent granted no. ep 1705124 b1 applicant: techne technipack engineering italia s.p.a., san lazzaro di savena (it) date of application: 13.3.2006 the claim describes the design and process for manufacture of a plastic bottle with reinforcing ribs in the base area. plastic bottle international patent no. wo 2006 / 100374 a1 applicant: sidel participations, octeville-sur-mer (fr) date of application: 20.3.2006 the base shape of a plastic bottle is specially shaped in or-der to improve the bottle’s strength and stability. sales@electraform.com fast global service u.s.a., u.k., poland, argentina made in u.s.a. best value pet preform moulds compare price, quality, delivery electra form industries www.electraform.com north america 1 937 898 8460 south america 54 11 4753 1111 western europe 44 1623 658 416 eastern europe 48 81 820 5730 middle east 48 81 820 5730 africa 44 1623 658 416 patented innovative tooling solutions fast cycles, energy effi cient moulds highest quality, long life tooling repairs, conversions, refurbishments, parts new preform moulds - single cavity to 96 cavity most machine makes, types, sizes over 30 years experience get your best value quote today

Page 56

d 51178; issn: 1438 9452